This Is NOT St. Louis County, Missouri Prosecutor Robert McCulloch First “Racist Rodeo.”


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This post is from the blog of Just-Dennis-Debhttps://twitter.com/justdeb05″>Deb Hefner @justdeb05. Check out her blog and follow her on Twitter.

 

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Now for the truth exposing St. Louis County, Missouri Prosecutor Robert  McCulloch, for what he really is.

 

In light of all the turmoil taking place in St. Louis / Ferguson, Missouri with the Justice System, all should know what we went through for nearly nine years and the terrorist acts waged against us by the Missouri Justice System.  All, should also know the ILLEGAL, INCOMPETENT, UNETHICAL, and UNPROFESSIONAL behavior by the St. Louis County Missouri / Robert McCulloch’s office that we have been terrorized by. 

 

The journalists that were harrassed and arrested, etc. in Ferguson Missouri are very lucky they were not shot like they did to journalist, Jeffrey Weinhaus, a.k.a. Bulletinman.  Please read more info. about journalist, Jeffrey Weinhaus (Bulletinman) that was shot by the Missouri State Highway Patrol-Sargeant Folsom (under the supervision of Chief Ron Johnson) on this websiite and the other links listed on this website, under the heading, Bulletinman-Jeff Weinhaus.

 

The main stream media wants to portray the Ferguson Missouri ordeal as a racial issue, but in all reality it is not about race.  It is about equal justice for all!

 

Below is a link to a copy of a court transcript which involves the St. Louis County, Missouri / Robert McCulloch’s office who was appointed as special prosecutors due to a conflict of interest with the Jefferson County Missouri’s Prosecuting Attorney / Forrest Wegge’s office.

 

This transcript clearly proves beyond any reasonable doubt the St. Louis County, Missouri / Robert McCulloch’s office will intentionally withhold exculpatory evidence, which is a blatant Brady violation.

 

The defendant’s lawyers, Kevin Roberts, Lynette Petruska, and Chet Pleban were so incompetent, they failed to follow up with any sort of accountability (for example, sanctions, etc.) for the blatant violation of their client’s rights.

The transcript below documents several examples of the ILLEGAL, UNETHICAL, AND UNPROFESSIONAL behavior from the St. Louis County, Missouri / Robert McCulloch’s office.  I have other examples of their inexcusable behavior which I will try to find and upload to this site.  Please keep checking back for more information.

 

Issues addressed in transcript:

1.  St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office’s failure to give notice about hearsay statements they wished to present as evidence at the trial and the failure of Robert McCulloch’s office to follow the law by providing the defendants with sufficient notice and the particulars of the statements.  (See pgs. 4, 5, 6, 7, & 25).

 

2.  St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office dumped two hundred and seventy-one (271) pages of additional discovery in the defense attorney’s lap just days before the trial was scheduled to begin.  This was exculpatory evidence which was proven to be in  St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s possession for more than a year and was not turned over to the defense until just days before the trial was scheduled to begin.  (See pgs. 6-10, 14,15, 19-22, 24, 25, 27, 28, & 29)

 

3.   St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office lied about a filing with the Court.  (See pgs. 10-13)

 

4.  The Judge confirms the  St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office did not comply with the requirements of the statute.  (See pgs. 13 & 14)



5.  The alleged victim (Stephanie Steinfeld) and the reporting party (Paul Steinfeld) made allegations of being poisoned by the defendants during their depositions.  Paul Steinfeld went as far to say that they went to the doctor to be tested, and that they tested positive for high levels of magnesium in both of their systems.  Defense attorneys requested a copy of the medical records associated with this alleged poisoning, but when the Judge questioned St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office about refusing to produce this evidence, their reply was, “I don’t see that as relevant to our presentation of the case.’.     (See pgs. 16-22)

 


6.  The Judge explained to the  St. Louis County Prosecuting Attorney / Robert McCulloch’s office the relevant nature of the poison allegations and testing.  The defense lawyer explained to the Judge that St. Louis County / Robert McCulloch’s office stated his co-counsel was told, “…not that they didn’t have the information,….but that they wouldn’t give it to us.” (See pgs. 23-24)

 

7.  Defense lawyer pointed out to the Judge that the St. Louis County Prosecutors / Robert McCulloch’s office made two (2) lawyers wait for approximately one and a half (1 & 1/2) hours while they prepared their witness for the deposition.  Intentionally running up the legal fees for the defendants, not to mention, very unprofessional, and definitely UNETHICAL.  (See pg. 24)

 

8.  Defense lawyer pointed out to the Judge that the St. Louis County Prosecutor / Robert McCulloch’s office asked his co-counsel during one of the depositions (on the record) associated with this case whether or not she had taken her medication that day.  (See pgs. 25 & 26)

9.  The Judge scolds the St. Louis County Prosecutor / Robert McCulloch’s office, but the incompetent lawyers, Kevin Roberts, Lynette Petruska, and Chet Pleban failed to follow up and ask the Court for accountability (sanctions, etc.) for their blatant abuse of our rights. The Judge specifically stated the St. Louis County Prosecutors / Robert McCulloch’s office was guilty of unethical behavior by withholding this exculpatory evidence. (See pgs. 26 & 27)

 

St. Louis County Prosecutor / Robert McCulloch’s office Transcript

 

Here is another example of the St. Louis County Prosecutor / Robert McCulloch’s Office WITHHOLDING EXCULPATORY EVIDENCE.

 

On 8/21/2005 there were one hundred and sixty nine (169) VHS tapes seized from my home.  On 6/17/2008 one hundred and sixty five (165) VHS tapes were returned to me.  It only takes simple math skills to come to the conclusion the State of Missouri would still be in possession of four (4) VHS tapes.  Last time I checked one hundred and sixty nine (169) minus one hundred and sixty five (165) equals four (4).

 

Missouri Journalist Silenced, Shot & Caged for Questioning ‘Authorities’

Published on Nov 28, 2014

Jeffrey Weinhaus sought to inform others about governmental agent abuses. After posting a video in which he demanded that those in the “justice” system shape-up or step-down, his computers were stolen by Missouri State Highway Patrol (MSHP) employees. Weeks later, at an arranged meeting where Weinhaus was told he was to receive back his property, Weinhaus was shot four times. Weinhaus recovered and is now caged. Weinhaus is a political prisoner who was targeted because he spoke out against those who claim the right to control others. He didn’t harm another person or property. This situation can be described as a classic case of police employees protecting their own

 

 

Jeffrey Weinhaus, a.k.a. Bulletinman was a local journalist with a strong desire to protect the U.S. Constitution and reveal any corruption within the legal system.  Mr. Weinhaus published a monthly bulletin highlighting some of the corruption within his community for nearly sixteen (16) years.  (1996-2012)

 

Jeff Weinhaus-Bulletinman was set up and gunned down by MSHP.  Jeff was shot by Sgt. Folsom four (4)  times, (two {2} bullets in the chest and two {2} bullets in the head).  By the Grace of God, Jeff survived, but now, he is the one in jail.

 

Please check the websites linked below for much more information about Jeffrey Weinhaus, (Bulletinman).

 

While viewing these sites and reading the comments, please keep in mind that anyone that questions anyone within the legal system is considered anti-government or a conspiracy theorist.  Mr. Weinhaus (Bulletinman) was not anti-government.

 

It is very important to keep in mind that Jeffrey Weinhaus (Bulletinman) was ANTI-CORRUPT GOVERNMENT, and isn’t that what every American citizen wants? 
Please sends cards and letters of encouragement  to:
ERDC
Jeffrey R. Weinhaus
DOC #1261778
2727 Hwy K
Bonne Terre, Mo. 63628

If you would like to send money to help show your support for Jeff-Bulletinman you may send it through:

 

Ferguson: Was ‘Witness 40′ even there?

Published on Dec 9, 2014

Ferguson: Was ‘Witness 40′ even there?
Chris Hayes examines the strange case of the witness who admitted to racist thoughts and statements and was allowed to testify to the Darren Wilson grand jury despite substantial holes in her story.

 

 

FERGUSON PROSECUTOR BUSTED PRESENTING FAKE WITNESS BEFORE GRAND JURY

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From Addicting Info:

 

So, you are Prosecutor Bob McCulloch. You have a grand jury investigation with the entire world watching. One of your witnesses in support of the officer is revealed by the FBI to have made up her entire account. What do you do?

 

Apparently you present a discredited witness to the grand jury anyways. He played the FBI interview, which revealed that Witness 40’s car was not at the location, that 40 could not have exited in the manner described, that 40 did not even tell anyone her story until over two weeks after the shooting. They tore her apart, showing that she changed her story several times while sitting on the stand. For example, in her interview, 40 claimed to have made no contact to the police for two weeks, then later claimed that she did contact them several times before agreeing to be a witness. And that is not the only occasion they caught her changing her story, with other times her lack of knowledge of the crime scene, how her journal and testimony did not match, how the exit for the complex did not exist where she claimed all being revealed. That interview, found on pages 86-184 of Grand Jury Testimony Volume 15, completely discredits her as a witness.

 

Then, fully knowing this, Bob McCulloch brought her before the grand jury, and entered her hand written journals filled with racist language into the record. And this testimony, by a discredited witness, is the one cited by right-wing media outlets in their attempts to support former Ferguson officer Darren Wilson. Claims of Michael Brown charging like a bull? Her account, and only her account.

 

Is Witness 40 a legitimate witness? Possible, but highly improbable in light of her interview. Instead, the interviews, the journal, and her own account comes across not as an eye-witness, but instead of someone seeking their moment of fortune and fame in the spotlight. In her interviews it was revealed that Witness 40 involved herself in fundraising for Wilson, even going so far as to work on getting children to send him cards of appreciation. Her story as to why she did not come forward is preposterous, her journal reads not as a diary or narrative essay but instead as someone trying to concoct a story in order to be made famous on Jerry Springer.

 

Why did Bob McCulloch put such a questionable witness onto the stand, in a case against Darren Wilson? Remember, this is for the grand jury, not a trial, and evidence is for the prosecution’s benefit and not the defense. But here is this questionable witness, who was found to be on shaky credibility grounds, put on the stand, and she came out supporting the defense… as a prosecution witness. This only further highlights that the grand jury process was mismanaged, or worse deliberately rigged.

 

Witness 40, fraud, con woman, or delusional? Whatever the case, that McCulloch put her on the stand to begin with tells us all we need to about his management, or rather mismanagement, of the entire grand jury process.

 

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Misconduct? Outrageous, FALSE Grand Jury Instructions by Wilson Prosecutors – Lawrence O’Donnell

 

 

Wilson Grand Jury FRAUD! More on LIES Given by Prosecutors – Lawrence O’Donnell

 

 

 

Lawrence O’Donnell Destroys Ferguson Prosecutor’s (Robert McCulloch) Reliance On “Key” Witness

 

 

Lawrence O’Donnell Rips St. Louis Prosecutor For Making It Impossible For Darren Wilson To Fail

 

 

Brown Grand Jury Prosecutor’s CHARADE: Dr. Baden testifies after 3 Months??? – Lawrence O’Donnell

Published on Nov 15, 2014

The Michael Brown Grand Jury Prosecutor FAILED to call Dr. Micael Baden until a grand juror FORCED him to??? The forensic pathologist hired by Michael Brown’s family testified before a grand jury today 12 weeks after it convened. Joy Reid and Lisa Bloom discuss.
From The LAST WORD, MSNBC

 

 

 

‘The pain will never go away, Don’

 

 

Meet Eric Garner’s Daughter: Emerald Garner

 

 

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The MilitantNegro SoapBox™: #BlackLivesMatter


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Do Black Lives Matter?

 

 

Black Lives Matter: Ferguson Erupts After Grand Jury Clears Officer in Michael Brown Killing

 

 

Black Lives Matter

 

 

Black Lives Matter: Oakland Speaks On Ferguson

 

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The hashtag #BlackLivesMatter has gone viral and is trending worldwide thanks to Twitter. As expected, jealous ass caucasians joined by caucasians who just don’t “get it” as usual want to hijack the #BlackLivesMatter hashtag with #AllLivesMatter. Bull shit. The moment caucasians start to get murdered for selling loose cigarettes, or shot 6 times for walking down the middle of a deserted street, or assaulted for not showing a cop ID, or shot dead for holding toy guns….when you caucasian folks get centuries of abuse, oppression and mistreatment…..THEN AND ONLY THEN CAN YOU CLAIM THAT YOUR LIFE MATTERS.

 

 

Until then, sit the fuck down and shut the fuck up. #BlackLivesMatter ain’t about YOU. It’s a rallying cry for injustice against Black Americans who are disgusted with Black Genocide from law enforcement.

 

For those uneducated caucasians who say I am racist….No person of color can ever be racist. Why? Racism is about Power, Control, Oppression & Wealth. What Black person do you know who has Power, Control,  has enough Wealth to Oppress anyone? Black people are the oppressed, and have been for centuries, so we can not be racist. What we can do is fight racism as best we can. And you are witnessing that fight right now.

 

 

Enough with all this garbage ass talk of #AllLivesMatter. When caucasians, who do the oppressing both mentally and physically, are the oppressed, then and only then will #AllLivesMatter. Until then, “Miss Me With That Bull Shit.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Silence Of Barack Hussein Obama.


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The President Is Silent AND Weak On Ferguson, Missouri AND Black Genocide.

 

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I’ve said before that this Black President is too quite while Black men and women are being systematically murdered. Unarmed Black men & women are being killed for no other reason than being Black men & women. This Black Genocide did not start under Barack Hussein Obama’s administration, thats a fact. MY issue is that it is allowed to continue under Barack Hussein Obama’s reign and he is silent.

 

Giving a speech asking for calm and telling a people that are being exterminated, to be lawful and maintain peace, while they are being gassed, arrested for protesting peacefully and having weapons aimed at them…as you tell them to be calm, is asinine. I am sick of watching good Americans of all skin tones, all walks of life and from all parts of the globe in Ferguson, Missouri, everyday and night putting their lives on the line for peaceful protest, while Barack Hussein Obama sits in the White House doing jack shit.

I am disgusted by this man.

I am disgusted by this man.

It is simply beyond my mind to comprehend why Barack allows people to silence him when it comes to the murder of unarmed citizens of his nation. Why would Barack remain shut mouthed while knowing innocent unarmed Black American citizen are being killed by racist, control freak, testosterone fueled law enforcement officers? What or whom would wield that much power to make a Black President remain mute on this issue?

 

Now some have argued that Barack has not remained quiet because he has given pressers on the Ferguson riots and unrest. Bull shit. His press conferences have been lip service to Gov. Jay Nixon and the rest of the St. Louis County Just”US” system. Telling a people who have been victimized because of their skin color to remain calm and lawful….as they continue to bury their sons, daughters, cousins, grandbabies, nephews, nieces, brothers, sisters, aunts and uncles, are just stupid words with no meaning.

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I was once a blind follower of our first Black President. I voted for Barack twice, and was proud of that fact. I became a non supporter the day he didn’t go to Ferguson to offer his comfort to the Michael Brown family and tell them he would see that things were done to insure their son’s death was not the “new normal”, that Mike Mike didn’t die in vain. That conversation with Michael Brown’s parents and supporters has never happened. No visit to Ferguson….like he made to Aurora, Colorado after James Holmes slaughtered 12 people in a theater, and injured 70 others.

 

Hurricane victims, mudslide victims, even Sandy Hook Elementary school shooting victims , all got words of comfort from this President. Not one single family member of the many unarmed Black Americans murdered by law enforcement, has heard a word from our President. Not one. Empty useless pre-written speeches asking for calm do not replace words of comfort & support when your child is laying on a slab in the morgue and is being labeled a thug, while James Holmes is labeled a man with mental issues for killing 12 American citizens in that Aurora theater.

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Sending AG Eric Holder to Ferguson for a day of photo-ops is not what is needed nor is it what will satisfy Ferguson. Putting the FBI on the ground in Ferguson for 2 days is fixing nothing in racist Missouri. Going there to show solidarity with people who voted for you, now thats what should have been done, and that might even have prevented some of this unrest in Ferguson. To say Barack has disappointed me is an gross understatement. This entire administration is silent. Black politicians are silent. Black leaders are silent. Black celebrities are silent. BUT the St. Louis Rams are not silent.

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How about it Barack, how about a little hands up support for Ferguson and Black Genocide?

 

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President Obama to hold meetings on Ferguson

We lack strong brave intelligent Black male leadership such as this in 2014……

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February 21, 1965, New York City, NY. Malcolm X Assassinated.


itisme

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I miss this man terribly. In light of the lack one single worthwhile Black leaders in today’s racial climate, we need Minister Malcolm X more than ever, his wisdom and his guidance.

Malcolm X Assassinated. February 21, 1965, New York City, NY.

 

In New York City, Malcolm X, an African American nationalist and religious leader, is assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights.

 

Born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1925, Malcolm was the son of James Earl Little, a Baptist preacher who advocated the black nationalist ideals of Marcus Garvey. Threats from the Ku Klux Klan forced the family to move to Lansing, Michigan, where his father continued to preach his controversial sermons despite continuing threats. In 1931, Malcolm’s father was brutally murdered by the white supremacist Black Legion, and Michigan authorities refused to prosecute those responsible. In 1937, Malcolm was taken from his family by welfare caseworkers. By the time he reached high school age, he had dropped out of school and moved to Boston, where he became increasingly involved in criminal activities.

 

In 1946, at the age of 21, Malcolm was sent to prison on a burglary conviction. It was there he encountered the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam, whose members are popularly known as Black Muslims. The Nation of Islam advocated black nationalism and racial separatism and condemned Americans of European descent as immoral “devils.” Muhammad’s teachings had a strong effect on Malcolm, who entered into an intense program of self-education and took the last name “X” to symbolize his stolen African identity.

 

After six years, Malcolm was released from prison and became a loyal and effective minister of the Nation of Islam in Harlem, New York. In contrast with civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X advocated self-defense and the liberation of African Americans “by any means necessary.” A fiery orator, Malcolm was admired by the African American community in New York and around the country.

 

In the early 1960s, he began to develop a more outspoken philosophy than that of Elijah Muhammad, whom he felt did not sufficiently support the civil rights movement. In late 1963, Malcolm’s suggestion that President John F. Kennedy‘s assassination was a matter of the “chickens coming home to roost” provided Elijah Muhammad, who believed that Malcolm had become too powerful, with a convenient opportunity to suspend him from the Nation of Islam.

 

A few months later, Malcolm formally left the organization and made a Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, where he was profoundly affected by the lack of racial discord among orthodox Muslims. He returned to America as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz and in June 1964 founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity, which advocated black identity and held that racism, not the white race, was the greatest foe of the African American. Malcolm’s new movement steadily gained followers, and his more moderate philosophy became increasingly influential in the civil rights movement, especially among the leaders of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee.

 

On February 21, 1965, one week after his home was firebombed, Malcolm X was shot to death by Nation of Islam members while speaking at a rally of his organization in New York City.

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Malcolm X

Malcolm X (/ˈmælkəm ˈɛks/; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Arabic: الحاجّ مالك الشباز‎), was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.

 

Malcolm X was effectively orphaned early in life. His father was killed when he was six and his mother was placed in a mental hospital when he was thirteen, after which he lived in a series of foster homes.

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In 1946, at age 20, he went to prison for larceny and breaking and entering. While in prison he became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952 quickly rose to become one of its leaders. For a dozen years he was the public face of the controversial group; in keeping with the Nation’s teachings he espoused black supremacy, advocated the separation of black and white Americans and scoffed at the civil rights movement’s emphasis on integration.

 

By March 1964, Malcolm X had grown disillusioned with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. He ultimately repudiated the Nation and its teachings and embraced Sunni Islam. After a period of travel in Africa and the Middle East, he returned to the United States to found Muslim Mosque, Inc. and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. While continuing to emphasize Pan-Africanism, black self-determination, and black self-defense, he disavowed racism, saying, “I did many things as a [Black] Muslim that I’m sorry for now. I was a zombie then … pointed in a certain direction and told to march”.

 

In February 1965, shortly after repudiating the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated by three of its members. The Autobiography of Malcolm X, published shortly after his death, is considered one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century.

 

Assassination

On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was preparing to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom when someone in the 400-person audience yelled, “Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!” As Malcolm X and his bodyguards tried to quell the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him once in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun; two other men charged the stage firing semi-automatic handguns. Malcolm X was pronounced dead at 3:30 pm, shortly after arriving at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. The autopsy identified 21 gunshot wounds to the chest, left shoulder, arms and legs, including ten buckshot wounds from the initial shotgun blast.

Malcolm X stands on guard, ready to protect his family, in this iconic photo.

Malcolm X stands on guard, ready to protect his family, in this iconic photo.

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One gunman, Nation of Islam member Talmadge Hayer (also known as Thomas Hagan) was beaten by the crowd before police arrived; witnesses identified the others as Nation members Norman 3X Butler and Thomas 15X Johnson. All three were convicted in March 1966 and sentenced to life in prison. (At trial Hayer confessed, but refused to identify the other assailants except to assert that they were not Butler and Johnson; in 1977 and 1978 he reasserted their innocence and named four other Nation members as participants in the murder or its planning.)

 

Butler, today known as Muhammad Abdul Aziz, was paroled in 1985 and became the head of the Nation’s Harlem mosque in 1998; he maintains his innocence. In prison Johnson, who changed his name to Khalil Islam, rejected the Nation’s teachings and converted to Sunni Islam; released in 1987, he maintained his innocence until his death in August 2009. Hayer, today known as Mujahid Halim, was paroled in 2010.

 

Funeral

The public viewing, February 23–26 at Unity Funeral Home in Harlem, was attended by some 14,000 to 30,000 mourners. For the funeral on February 27, loudspeakers were set up for the overflow crowd outside Harlem’s thousand-seat Faith Temple of the Church of God in Christ, and a local television station carried the service live.

 

Among the civil rights leaders attending were John Lewis, Bayard Rustin, James Forman, James Farmer, Jesse Gray, and Andrew Young. Actor and activist Ossie Davis delivered the eulogy, describing Malcolm X as “our shining black prince”:

 

There are those who will consider it their duty, as friends of the Negro people, to tell us to revile him, to flee, even from the presence of his memory, to save ourselves by writing him out of the history of our turbulent times. Many will ask what Harlem finds to honor in this stormy, controversial and bold young captain—​and we will smile. Many will say turn away—​away from this man, for he is not a man but a demon, a monster, a subverter and an enemy of the black man—​and we will smile. They will say that he is of hate—​a fanatic, a racist—​who can only bring evil to the cause for which you struggle! And we will answer and say to them: Did you ever talk to Brother Malcolm? Did you ever touch him, or have him smile at you? Did you ever really listen to him? Did he ever do a mean thing? Was he ever himself associated with violence or any public disturbance? For if you did you would know him. And if you knew him you would know why we must honor him.

 

Malcolm X was buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. Friends used the gravediggers’ shovels to complete the burial themselves.

 

Actor and activist Ruby Dee and Juanita Poitier (wife of Sidney Poitier) established the Committee of Concerned Mothers to raise money toward a home for the family and for the children’s educations.

 

Allegations of conspiracy

 

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Within days, the question of who bore ultimate responsibility for the assassination was being publicly debated. On February 23, James Farmer, the leader of the Congress of Racial Equality, announced at a news conference that local drug dealers, and not the Nation of Islam, were to blame. Others accused the NYPD, the FBI, or the CIA, citing the lack of police protection, the ease with which the assassins entered the Audubon Ballroom, and the failure of the police to preserve the crime scene.

 

In the 1970s, the public learned about COINTELPRO and other secret FBI programs established to infiltrate and disrupt civil rights organizations during the 1950s and 1960s. John Ali, national secretary of the Nation of Islam, was identified as an FBI undercover agent. Malcolm X had confided to a reporter that Ali exacerbated tensions between him and Elijah Muhammad, and that he considered Ali his “archenemy” within the Nation of Islam leadership. Ali had a meeting with Talmadge Hayer, one of the men convicted of killing Malcolm X, the night before the assassination.

 

Some, including the Shabazz family, have accused Louis Farrakhan of involvement in Malcolm X’s assassination, and in a 1993 speech Farrakhan seemed to acknowledge the possibility that the Nation of Islam was responsible:

 

Was Malcolm your traitor or ours? And if we dealt with him like a nation deals with a traitor, what the hell business is it of yours? A nation has to be able to deal with traitors and cutthroats and turncoats.

 

In a 60 Minutes interview that aired during May 2000, Farrakhan stated that some things he said may have led to the assassination of Malcolm X. “I may have been complicit in words that I spoke”, he said. “I acknowledge that and regret that any word that I have said caused the loss of life of a human being.”[202] A few days later Farrakhan denied that he “ordered the assassination” of Malcolm X, although he again acknowledged that he “created the atmosphere that ultimately led to Malcolm X’s assassination.”

 

No consensus on who was responsible has been reached.

Farrakhan admits to Malcolm X assassination

 

Malcolm X’s Daughter Exposes Farrakhan (The Extended Clip)

Uploaded on Jan 9, 2012

Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan admits in a 60 Minutes interview and reported on CBS Evening News that his incendiary rhetoric played a role in the 1965 assassination of civil rights leader Malcolm X.

 

 

The Autobiography of Malcolm X

The Autobiography of Malcolm X was published in 1965, the result of a collaboration between human rights activist Malcolm X and journalist Alex Haley. Haley coauthored the autobiography based on a series of in-depth interviews he conducted between 1963 and Malcolm X’s 1965 assassination. The Autobiography is a spiritual conversion narrative that outlines Malcolm X’s philosophy of black pride, black nationalism, and pan-Africanism. After the leader was killed, Haley wrote the book’s epilogue. He described their collaborative process and the events at the end of Malcolm X’s life.

 

While Malcolm X and scholars contemporary to the book’s publication regarded Haley as the book’s ghostwriter, modern scholars tend to regard him as an essential collaborator. They say he intentionally muted his authorial voice to create the effect of Malcolm X speaking directly to readers. Haley influenced some of Malcolm X’s literary choices. For example, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam during the period when he was working on the book with Haley. Rather than rewriting earlier chapters as a polemic against the Nation which Malcolm X had rejected, Haley persuaded him to favor a style of “suspense and drama.” Haley’s proactive censorship of the manuscript’s antisemitic material significantly influenced the ideological tone of the Autobiography.

 

When the Autobiography was published, the New York Times reviewer described it as a “brilliant, painful, important book”. In 1967, historian John William Ward wrote that it would become a classic American autobiography. In 1998, Time named The Autobiography of Malcolm X as one of ten “required reading” nonfiction books. James Baldwin and Arnold Perl adapted the book as a film; their screenplay provided the source material for Spike Lee‘s 1992 film Malcolm X.

 

The Autobiography of Malcolm X
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First edition
Author Malcolm X withAlex Haley
Country United States
Genre Autobiography
Published 1965 (Grove Press)
Media type Print
OCLC 219493184

 

Summary

The Autobiography of Malcolm X is an account of the life of Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little (1925–1965), who became a human rights activist. Beginning with his mother’s pregnancy, the book describes Little’s childhood in Michigan, the death of his father under questionable circumstances, and his mother’s deteriorating mental health that resulted in her commitment to a psychiatric hospital. Little’s young adulthood in Boston and New York City is covered, as well as his involvement in organized crime. This led to his arrest and subsequent eight- to ten-year prison sentence, of which he served six-and-a-half years (1946–1952). The book addresses his ministry with Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam (1952–1963) and his emergence as the organization’s national spokesman. It documents his disillusionment with and departure from the Nation of Islam in March 1964, his conversion to orthodox Sunni Islam, his pilgrimage to Mecca, and his travels in Africa. Malcolm X was assassinated in New York’s Audubon Ballroom in February 1965, before they finished the book. His co-author, journalist Alex Haley, summarizes the last days of Malcolm X’s life, and describes in detail their working agreement, including Haley’s personal views on his subject, in the Autobiography’s epilogue.

 

Leaving the Nation of Islam

On December 1, 1963, when he was asked for a comment about the assassination of President Kennedy, Malcolm X said that it was a case of “chickens coming home to roost“. He added that “chickens coming home to roost never did make me sad; they’ve always made me glad.” The New York Times wrote, “in further criticism of Mr. Kennedy, the Muslim leader cited the murders of Patrice Lumumba, Congo leader, of Medgar Evers, civil rights leader, and of the Negro girls bombed earlier this year in a Birmingham church. These, he said, were instances of other ‘chickens coming home to roost’.” The remarks prompted a widespread public outcry. The Nation of Islam, which had sent a message of condolence to the Kennedy family and ordered its ministers not to comment on the assassination, publicly censured their former shining star. Although Malcolm X retained his post and rank as minister, he was prohibited from public speaking for 90 days.

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Another source of tension had appeared between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad. There were rumors that Muhammad was conducting extramarital affairs with young Nation secretaries—​which would constitute a serious violation of Nation teachings. After first discounting the rumors, Malcolm X came to believe them after he spoke with Muhammad’s son Wallace and with the women making the accusations. Muhammad confirmed the rumors in 1963, attempting to justify his behavior by referring to precedents set by Biblical prophets.

 

Malcolm X had by now become a media favorite, and some Nation members were seeing him as a threat to Muhammad’s leadership. Publishers had shown interest in Malcolm X’s autobiography, and when Louis Lomax wrote his 1963 book about the Nation, When the Word Is Given, he used a photograph of Malcolm X on the cover and reproduced five of his speeches, but featured only one of Muhammad’s—​all of which greatly upset Muhammad and made him envious.

 

Two men speak thoughtfully to each other as others look on

 Malcolm X’s only meeting with Martin Luther King, Jr., March 26, 1964

 

On March 8, 1964, Malcolm X publicly announced his break from the Nation of Islam. He was still a Muslim, he said, but felt that the Nation had “gone as far as it can” because of its rigid teachings. He planned to organize a black nationalist organization to “heighten the political consciousness” of African Americans; he also expressed a desire to work with other civil rights leaders, saying that Elijah Muhammad had prevented him from doing so in the past.

 

Becoming a Sunni Muslim

At this time, several Sunni Muslims encouraged Malcolm X to learn about their faith, and soon he became a convert to Sunni Islam.

 

Pilgrimage to Mecca

A 38-year-old man with a goatee

 Malcolm X in 1964

In April 1964, with financial help from his half-sister Ella Little-Collins, Malcolm X flew to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, as the start of his Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca obligatory for every Muslim who is able to do so. However, he was delayed in Jeddah when his U.S. citizenship and inability to speak Arabic caused his status as a Muslim to be questioned. He had received Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam‘s book The Eternal Message of Muhammad with his visa approval, and now he contacted the author. Azzam’s son arranged for his release and lent him his personal hotel suite. The next morning he learned that Prince Faisal had designated him a state guest, and several days later, after completing the Hajj rituals, Malcolm X had an audience with the prince.

 

Malcolm X later said that seeing Muslims of “all colors, from blue-eyed blonds to black-skinned Africans” interacting as equals led him to see Islam as a means by which racial problems could be overcome.

 

Africa

Malcolm X had already visited the United Arab Republic, Sudan, Nigeria, and Ghana in 1959 to make arrangements for a tour of Africa by Elijah Muhammad, and after his journey to Mecca, in 1964, he visited Africa a second time. He returned to the United States in late May and flew to Africa again in July. During these visits he met officials, gave interviews, and spoke on radio and television in Egypt, Ethiopia, Tanganyika, Nigeria, Ghana, Guinea, Sudan, Senegal, Liberia, Algeria, and Morocco. In Cairo, he attended the second meeting of the Organization of African Unity as a representative of the Organization of Afro-American Unity. By the end of this third visit he had met with essentially all of Africa’s prominent leaders, and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, and Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria had all invited Malcolm X to serve in their governments. After he spoke at the University of Ibadan, the Nigerian Muslim Students Association bestowed on him the honorary Yoruba name Omowale (“the son who has come home”). He later called this his most treasured honor.

 

France and United Kingdom

On November 23, 1964, on his way home from Africa, Malcolm X stopped in Paris, where he spoke at the Salle de la Mutualité. A week later, on November 30, Malcolm X flew to the United Kingdom, and on December 3 took part in a debate at the Oxford Union Society. The motion was: “Extremism in the Defense of Liberty is No Vice; Moderation in the Pursuit of Justice is No Virtue”. Malcolm X argued for the affirmative, and interest in the debate was so high that it was televised nationally by the BBC.

 

On February 5, 1965, Malcolm X flew to Britain again, and on February 8 he addressed the first meeting of the Council of African Organizations in London. The next day he tried to travel to France, but was refused entry.

 

On February 12, he visited Smethwick, near Birmingham, where the Conservative Party had won the parliamentary seat in the 1964 general election. The town had become a byword for racial division after Conservative supporters used the slogan “If you want a nigger for your neighbour, vote Labour.” In Smethwick he compared the treatment of colored residents with the treatment of Jews under Hitler, saying: “I would not wait for the fascist element in Smethwick to erect gas ovens.”

 

Return to United States

After leaving the Nation of Islam and traveling internationally, Malcolm X addressed a wide variety of audiences in the United States. He spoke regularly at meetings held by Muslim Mosque, Inc., and the Organization of Afro-American Unity, and was one of the most sought-after speakers on college campuses.[137] One of his top aides later wrote that he “welcomed every opportunity to speak to college students.” He also addressed public meetings of the Socialist Workers Party, speaking at their Militant Labor Forum.

Malcolm X Boulevard in New York City

Malcolm X Boulevard in New York City

Philosophy

Except for his autobiography, Malcolm X left no published writings. His philosophy is known almost entirely from the many speeches and interviews he gave from 1952 until his death.[205] Many of those speeches, especially from the last year of his life, were recorded and have been published.

 

Beliefs of the Nation of Islam

Before he left the Nation of Islam in 1964, Malcolm X taught its beliefs. His speeches were peppered with the phrase “The Honorable Elijah Muhammad teaches us that…”. It is virtually impossible to discern whether Malcolm X’s personal beliefs at the time diverged from the teachings of the Nation of Islam. He later compared himself to a ventriloquist’s dummy who could only say what Elijah Muhammad told him.

 

Malcolm X taught that black people were the original people of the world, and that white people were a race of devils who were created by an evil scientist named Yakub. The Nation of Islam believed that black people were superior to white people, and that the demise of the white race was imminent. When questioned concerning his statements that white people were devils, Malcolm X said: “history proves the white man is a devil.” “Anybody who rapes, and plunders, and enslaves, and steals, and drops hell bombs on people… anybody who does these things is nothing but a devil.”

 

Malcolm X said that Islam was the “true religion of black mankind” and that Christianity was “the white man’s religion” that had been imposed upon African Americans by their slave-masters. He said that the Nation of Islam followed Islam as it was practiced around the world, but the Nation’s teachings varied from those of other Muslims because they were adapted to the “uniquely pitiful” condition of black people in America. He taught that Wallace Fard Muhammad, the founder of the Nation, was Allah incarnate, and that Elijah Muhammad was his Messenger, or Prophet.

 

While the civil rights movement fought against racial segregation, Malcolm X advocated the complete separation of blacks from whites. The Nation of Islam proposed the establishment of a separate country for African Americans in the southern or southwestern United States as an interim measure until African Americans could return to Africa. Malcolm X suggested the United States government owed reparations to black people for the unpaid labor of their ancestors. He also rejected the civil rights movement’s strategy of nonviolence, instead advocating that black people should defend themselves

 

Independent views

After leaving the Nation of Islam, Malcolm X announced his willingness to work with leaders of the civil rights movement, though he advocated some changes to their policies. He felt that calling the movement a struggle for civil rights would keep the issue within the United States, while changing the focus to human rights would make it an international concern. The movement could then bring its complaints before the United Nations, where Malcolm X said the emerging nations of the world would add their support.

 

Malcolm X argued that if the government was unwilling or unable to protect black people, they should protect themselves, and said that he and the other members of the Organization of Afro-American Unity were determined to defend themselves from aggressors, and to secure freedom, justice and equality “by whatever means necessary”.

 

Malcolm X stressed the global perspective he gained from his international travels. He emphasized the “direct connection” between the domestic struggle of African Americans for equal rights with the independence struggles of Third World nations. He said that African Americans were wrong when they thought of themselves as a minority; globally, black people were the majority.

 

In his speeches at the Militant Labor Forum, which was sponsored by the Socialist Workers Party, Malcolm X criticized capitalism. After one such speech, when he was asked what political and economic system he wanted, he said he didn’t know, but that it was no coincidence the newly independent countries in the Third World were turning toward socialism. When a reporter asked him what he thought about socialism, Malcolm X asked whether it was good for black people. When the reporter told him it seemed to be, Malcolm X told him, “Then I’m for it.”

 

Although he no longer called for the separation of black people from white people, Malcolm X continued to advocate black nationalism, which he defined as self-determination for the African-American community. In the last months of his life, however, Malcolm X began to reconsider his support for black nationalism after meeting northern African revolutionaries who, to all appearances, were white.

 

After his Hajj, Malcolm X articulated a view of white people and racism that represented a deep change from the philosophy he had supported as a minister of the Nation of Islam. In a famous letter from Mecca, he wrote that his experiences with white people during his pilgrimage convinced him to “rearrange” his thinking about race and “toss aside some of [his] previous conclusions”. In a conversation with Gordon Parks, two days before his assassination, Malcolm said:

 

Listening to leaders like Nasser, Ben Bella, and Nkrumah awakened me to the dangers of racism. I realized racism isn’t just a black and white problem. It’s brought bloodbaths to about every nation on earth at one time or another.
Brother, remember the time that white college girl came into the restaurant—​the one who wanted to help the [Black] Muslims and the whites get together—​and I told her there wasn’t a ghost of a chance and she went away crying? Well, I’ve lived to regret that incident. In many parts of the African continent I saw white students helping black people. Something like this kills a lot of argument. I did many things as a Black Muslim that I’m sorry for now. I was a zombie then—​like all [Black] Muslims—​I was hypnotized, pointed in a certain direction and told to march. Well, I guess a man’s entitled to make a fool of himself if he’s ready to pay the cost. It cost me 12 years.
That was a bad scene, brother. The sickness and madness of those days—​I’m glad to be free of them.

Up until one week before his death, Malcolm X continued to publicly advocate that black people should achieve advancement “by any means necessary”.

 

Mural on the wall of row houses in Philadelphia

Mural on the wall of row houses in Philadelphia

Legacy

Malcolm X has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. He is credited with raising the self-esteem of black Americans and reconnecting them with their African heritage. He is largely responsible for the spread of Islam in the black community in the United States. Many African Americans, especially those who lived in cities in the Northern and Western United States, felt that Malcolm X articulated their complaints concerning inequality better than the mainstream civil rights movement did. One biographer says that by giving expression to their frustration, Malcolm X “made clear the price that white America would have to pay if it did not accede to black America’s legitimate demands.”

 

In the late 1960s, increasingly radical black activists based their movements largely on Malcolm X and his teachings. The Black Power movement, the Black Arts Movement, and the widespread adoption of the slogan “Black is beautiful” can all trace their roots to Malcolm X.

 

In 1963 Malcolm X began a collaboration with Alex Haley on his life story, The Autobiography of Malcolm X. He told Haley, “If I’m alive when this book comes out, it will be a miracle”, and indeed, Haley completed and published it some months after the assassination.

 

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, there was a resurgence of interest in his life among young people. Hip-hop groups such as Public Enemy adopted Malcolm X as an icon, and his image was displayed in hundreds of thousands of homes, offices, and schools as well as on T-shirts and jackets. This wave peaked in 1992 with the release of the film Malcolm X, an adaptation of The Autobiography of Malcolm X.

 

In 1998 TIME named The Autobiography of Malcolm X one of the ten most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century.

 

Malcolm X Assassin – Pt. 1

 

 

Malcolm X Assassin – Pt. 2

 

 

Malcolm X Assassin – Pt. 3

 

 

WHO KILLED MALCOLM X?

 

 

MALCOLM X: WHY I LEFT THE NATION OF ISLAM

 

 

MALCOLM X: WE DIDN’T LAND ON PLYMOUTH ROCK

 

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From The Nation: A Q&A With Angela Davis On Black Power, Feminism And The Prison-Industrial Complex.


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A Q&A With Angela Davis on Black Power, Feminism and the Prison-Industrial Complex

“Like Nelson Mandela, we must be willing to embrace the long walk toward freedom.”

 

 

An icon of the Black Power movement, Angela Davis has led a life of resistance to injustice. This interview took place over several months and has been condensed.

 

Frank Barat: You often talk about the importance of movements rather than individuals. How can we do that in a society that promotes individualism as a sacred concept?

Angela Davis: Even as Nelson Mandela always insisted that his accomplishments were collective—also achieved by the men and women who were his comrades—the media attempted to sanctify him as a heroic individual. A similar process has attempted to dissociate Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. from the vast numbers of women and men who constituted the very heart of the mid-twentieth-century US freedom movement. It is essential to resist the depiction of history as the work of heroic individuals in order for people today to recognize their potential agency as a part of an ever-expanding community of struggle.

 

FB: What is the significance today of the Black Power movement?

AD: I think of Black Power—or what we referred to at the time as the “black liberation movement”—as a particular moment in the quest for black freedom. In many ways, it was a response to what were perceived as the limitations of the civil-rights movement: we needed to claim not only legal rights, but also substantive rights—jobs, housing, healthcare, education, etc.—and to challenge the very structure of society. Such demands were summed up in the ten-point program of the Black Panther Party. Although black individuals have entered economic, social and political hierarchies, the overwhelming number of black people are subject to economic, educational and carceral racism to a far greater extent than during the pre-civil-rights era. In many ways, the demands of the BPP’s ten-point program are just as relevant—perhaps even more relevant—as during the 1960s.

 

FB: How would you define black feminism and its role today?

AD: Black feminism emerged as a theoretical and practical effort demonstrating that race, gender and class are inseparable in the social worlds we inhabit. At the time of its emergence, black women were frequently asked to choose whether the black movement or the women’s movement was most important. This was the wrong question. The more appropriate question was how to understand the intersections and interconnections between the two movements. We are still faced with the challenge of understanding the complex ways that race, class, gender, sexuality, nation and ability are intertwined—but also how we move beyond these categories to understand the interrelationships of ideas and processes that seem to be separate and unrelated.

 

FB: What does the prison-industrial complex say about society?

AD: The soaring number of people behind bars all over the world and the increasing profitability of holding them captive is one of the most dramatic examples of the destructive tendencies of global capitalism. The prison-industrial complex includes not only private and public prisons but also juvenile facilities, military prisons and interrogation centers. Moreover, the most profitable sector of the private-prison business is composed of immigrant detention centers. One can therefore understand why the most repressive anti-immigrant legislation in the United States was drafted by private-prison companies.

 

FB: When was the last time you were in Palestine, and what were your impressions?

AD: I traveled to Palestine in June 2011 with a delegation of indigenous women and women of color, feminist scholar/activists. Even though we had all been previously involved in Palestine solidarity activism, all of us were utterly shocked by what we saw, and we resolved to encourage our constituencies to join the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement and to help intensify the campaign for a free Palestine.

 

FB: How would you respond if I said the struggle is endless?

AD: I would say that as our struggles mature, they produce new ideas, new issues and new terrain on which we engage in the quest for freedom. Like Nelson Mandela, we must be willing to embrace the long walk toward freedom.

 

Read more from our special issue on racial justice

Mychal Denzel Smith: “How Trayvon Martin’s Death Launched a New Generation of Black Activism

 

The Editors: “Renewing the Struggle for Racial Justice, Post-Ferguson

 

Paula J. Giddings: “It’s Time for a 21st-Century Anti-Lynching Movement

 

Rinku Sen: “As People of Color, We’re Not All in the Same Boat

 

Dani McClain: “Obama’s Racial Justice Initiative—for Boys Only

 

Melissa Harris-Perry: “Obama Is Responsible for the Protests in Ferguson—but Not in the Way You Think

 

Thank you The Nation

 

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