The Anniversary Of Mr. Emmett Louis Till

By Jueseppi B.

By Jueseppi B.

Murder of Emmett Till

In August 1955, a fourteen-year-old black boy whistled at a white woman in a grocery store in Money, Mississippi. Emmett Till, a teen from Chicago, didn’t understand that he had broken the unwritten laws of the Jim Crow South until three days later, when two white men dragged him from his bed in the dead of night, beat him brutally and then shot him in the head. Although his killers were arrested and charged with murder, they were both acquitted quickly by an all-white, all-male jury. Shortly afterwards, the defendants sold their story, including a detailed account of how they murdered Till, to a journalist. The murder and the trial horrified the nation and the world. Till’s death was a spark that helped mobilize the civil rights movement. Three months after his body was pulled from the Tallahatchie River, the Montgomery bus boycott began


The Murder Of Emmett Till – Documetary in HD

Published on May 4, 2013

Emmett Till was a 14-year old boy who In 1955 was taken from his relatives home, beaten, and then shot in the head for supposedly whistling at a white woman in Mississippi. Find out how his murder acted as a spark for the Civil Rights Movement.




Emmett Till Biography (1941–1955)


The murder of 14-year-old Emmett Till on August 28, 1955, galvanized the emerging Civil Rights Movement.


Fourteen-year-old Emmett Till was visiting relatives in Money, Mississippi, on August 24, 1955, when he reportedly flirted with a white cashier at a grocery store. Four days later, two white men kidnapped Till, beat him and shot him in the head. The men were tried for murder, but an all-white, male jury acquitted them. Till’s murder and open casket funeral galvanized the emerging Civil Rights Movement.


Emmett Louis Till was born on July 25, 1941, in Chicago, Illinois, the only child of Louis and Mamie Till. Till never knew his father, a private in the United States Army during World War II. Mamie and Louis Till separated in 1942, and three years later, the family received word from the Army that the soldier had been executed for “willful misconduct” while serving in Italy.


Emmett Till’s mother was, by all accounts, an extraordinary woman. Defying the social constraints and discrimination she faced as an African-American woman growing up in the 1920s and ’30s, Mamie Till excelled both academically and professionally. She was only the fourth black student to graduate from suburban Chicago’s predominantly white Argo Community High School, and the first black student to make the school’s “A” Honor Roll. While raising Emmett Till as a single mother, she worked long hours for the Air Force as a clerk in charge of confidential files.


Emmett Till, who went by the nickname Bobo, grew up in a thriving, middle-class black neighborhood on Chicago’s South Side. The neighborhood was a haven for black-owned businesses, and the streets he roamed as a child were lined with black-owned insurance companies, pharmacies and beauty salons as well as nightclubs that drew the likes of Duke Ellington and Sarah Vaughan. Those who knew Till best described him as a responsible, funny and infectiously high-spirited child. He was stricken with polio at the age of 5, but managed to make a full recovery, save a slight stutter that remained with him for the rest of his life.


With his mother often working more than 12-hour days, Till took on his full share of domestic responsibilities from a very young age. “Emmett had all the house responsibility,” his mother later recalled. “I mean everything was really on his shoulders, and Emmett took it upon himself. He told me if I would work, and make the money, he would take care of everything else. He cleaned, and he cooked quite a bit. And he even took over the laundry.”


Till attended the all-black McCosh Grammar School. His classmate and childhood pal, Richard Heard, later recalled, “Emmett was a funny guy all the time. He had a suitcase of jokes that he liked to tell. He loved to make people laugh. He was a chubby kid; most of the guys were skinny, but he didn’t let that stand in his way. He made a lot of friends at McCosh.”


In August 1955, Till’s great uncle, Moses Wright, came up from Mississippi to visit the family in Chicago. At the end of his stay, Wright was planning to take Till’s cousin, Wheeler Parker, back to Mississippi with him to visit relatives down South, and when Till, who was just 14 years old at the time, learned of these plans, he begged his mother to let him go along. Initially, Till’s mother was opposed to the idea. She wanted to take a road trip to Omaha, Nebraska, and tried to convince her son to join her with the promise of open-road driving lessons. But Till desperately wanted to spend time with his cousins in Mississippi, and in a fateful decision that would have grave impact on their lives and the course of American history, Till’s mother relented and let him go.


Emmett Till Murder

On August 19, 1955—the day before Till left with his uncle and cousin for Mississippi—Mamie Till gave her son his late father’s signet ring, engraved with the initials “L.T.” The next day she drove her son to the 63rd Street station in Chicago. They kissed goodbye, and Till boarded a southbound train headed for Mississippi. It was the last time they ever saw each other.


Three days after arriving in Money, Mississippi—on August 24, 1955—Emmett Till and a group of teenagers entered Bryant’s Grocery and Meat Market to buy refreshments after a long day picking cotton in the hot afternoon sun. What exactly transpired inside the grocery store that afternoon will never be known. Till purchased bubble gum, and some of the kids with him would later report that he either whistled at, flirted with or touched the hand of the store’s white female clerk—and wife of the owner—Carolyn Bryant.


Four days later, at approximately 2:30 a.m. on August 28, 1955, Roy Bryant, Carolyn’s husband, and his half brother J.W. Milam kidnapped Till from Moses Wright’s home. They then beat the teenager brutally, dragged him to the bank of the Tallahatchie River, shot him in the head, tied him with barbed wire to a large metal fan and shoved his mutilated body into the water. Moses Wright reported Till’s disappearance to the local authorities, and three days later, his corpse was pulled out of the river. Till’s face was mutilated beyond recognition, and Wright only managed to positively identify him by the ring on his finger, engraved with his father’s initials—”L.T.”



Till’s body was shipped to Chicago, where his mother opted to have an open-casket funeral with Till’s body on display for five days. Thousands of people came to the Roberts Temple Church of God to see the evidence of this brutal hate crime. Till’s mother said that, despite the enormous pain it caused her to see her son’s dead body on display, she opted for an open-casket funeral in an effort to “let the world see what has happened, because there is no way I could describe this. And I needed somebody to help me tell what it was like.”


“With his body water-soaked and defaced, most people would have kept the casket covered. [His mother] let the body be exposed. More than 100,000 people saw his body lying in that casket here in Chicago. That must have been at that time the largest single civil rights demonstration in American history.” — Jesse Jackson


In the weeks that passed between Till’s burial and the murder and kidnapping trial of Roy Bryant and J.W. Milam, two black publications, Jet magazine and the Chicago Defender, published graphic images of Till’s corpse. By the time the trial commenced—on September 19, 1955—Emmett Till’s murder had become a source of outrage and indignation throughout the country. Because blacks and women were barred from serving jury duty, Bryant and Milam were tried before an all-white, all-male jury. In an act of extraordinary bravery, Moses Wright took the stand and identified Bryant and Milam as Till’s kidnappers and killers. At the time, it was almost unheard of for blacks to openly accuse whites in court, and by doing so, Wright put his own life in grave danger.


Despite the overwhelming evidence of the defendants’ guilt and widespread pleas for justice from outside Mississippi, on September 23, the panel of white male jurors acquitted Bryant and Milam of all charges. Their deliberations lasted a mere 67 minutes. Only a few months later, in January 1956, Bryant and Milam admitted to committing the crime. Protected by double jeopardy laws, they told the whole story of how they kidnapped and killed Emmett Till to Look magazine for $4,000.


“J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant died with Emmett Till’s blood on their hands,” Simeon Wright, Emmett Till’s cousin and an eyewitness to his kidnapping (he was with Emmett the night he was kidnapped by Milam and Bryant), later stated. “And it looks like everyone else who was involved is going to do the same. They had a chance to come clean. They will die with Emmett Till’s blood on their hands.”


Impact on Civil Rights

“I thought about Emmett Till, and I couldn’t go back [to the back of the bus].” – Rosa Parks

Coming only one year after the Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Educationmandated the end of racial segregation in public schools, Emmett Till’s death provided an important catalyst for the American Civil Rights Movement. One hundred days after Till’s murder, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on an Alabama city bus, sparking the yearlong Montgomery Bus Boycott. Nine years later, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawing many forms of racial discrimination and segregation. In 1965, the Voting Rights Act, outlawing discriminatory voting practices, was passed.


[Emmett Till's murder was] one of the most brutal and inhuman crimes of the 20th century. — Martin Luther King, Jr.


Though she never stopped feeling the pain of her son’s death, Mamie Till (who died of heart failure in 2003) also recognized that what happened to her son helped open Americans’ eyes to the racial hatred plaguing the country, and in doing so helped spark a massive protest movement for racial equality and justice.


“People really didn’t know that things this horrible could take place,” Mamie Till said in an interview with Devery S. Anderson in December 1996. “And the fact that it happened to a child, that make all the difference in the world.”


The Untold Story of EMMETT LUIS TILL (Documentary 2005)




Why Was Emmett Till Murdered? Biography, Case, Civil Rights, Death, Funeral, History, Trial


Published on Aug 6, 2013

Emmett Louis Till (July 25, 1941 — August 28, 1955) was an African-American boy who was murdered in Mississippi at the age of 14 after reportedly flirting with a white woman. Till was from Chicago, Illinois, visiting his relatives in Money, Mississippi, in the Mississippi Delta region, when he spoke to 21-year-old Carolyn Bryant, the married proprietor of a small grocery store there. Several nights later, Bryant’s husband Roy and his half-brother J. W. Milam arrived at Till’s great-uncle’s house where they took Till, transported him to a barn, beat him and gouged out one of his eyes, before shooting him through the head and disposing of his body in the Tallahatchie River, weighting it with a 70-pound (32 kg) cotton gin fan tied around his neck with barbed wire. His body was discovered and retrieved from the river three days later.


Till was returned to Chicago and his mother, who had raised him mostly by herself, insisted on a public funeral service with an open casket to show the world the brutality of the killing. Tens of thousands attended his funeral or viewed his casket and images of his mutilated body were published in black magazines and newspapers, rallying popular black support and white sympathy across the U.S. Intense scrutiny was brought to bear on the condition of black civil rights in Mississippi, with newspapers around the country critical of the state. Although initially local newspapers and law enforcement officials decried the violence against Till and called for justice, they soon began responding to national criticism by defending Mississippians, which eventually transformed into support for the killers.


The trial attracted a vast amount of press attention. Bryant and Milam were acquitted of Till’s kidnapping and murder, but only months later, in a magazine interview, protected against double jeopardy, they admitted to killing him. Till’s murder is noted as a pivotal event motivating the African-American Civil Rights Movement.


Problems identifying Till affected the trial, partially leading to Bryant’s and Milam’s acquittals, and the case was officially reopened by the United States Department of Justice in 2004. As part of the investigation, the body was exhumed and autopsied resulting in a positive identification. He was reburied in a new casket, which is the standard practice in cases of body exhumation. His original casket was donated to the Smithsonian Institution. Events surrounding Emmett Till’s life and death, according to historians, continue to resonate, and almost every story about Mississippi returns to Till, or the region in which he died, in “some spiritual, homing way”.



Emmett Till: A Series of Four Lessons


This unit is a series of four complementary activities that accompany the documentary film The Murder of Emmett Till. They provide a vehicle for discussing this powerful film while also establishing important historical context to better understand its place within American history and for our understanding of the fragility of democracy. Ideally, all lessons should be used, but they can also can be used on their own.


Emmett Till
Emmett Till.jpg
Till in a photograph taken by his mother on Christmas Day 1954, about eight
months before his murder. When the photo ran in the Jackson Daily News
Till and his mother were given “a profound pathos in the flattering photograph”,
which “humanized the Tills”.
Born Emmett Louis Till
July 25, 1941
Chicago, Illinois U.S.
Died August 28, 1955 (aged 14)
Money, Mississippi U.S.
Cause of death
Ethnicity African-American
Parents Mamie Carthan
Louis Till


Bryant’s Grocery and Meat Market




There are too many similarities between Emmett Louis Till and Michael Brown Jr.  Neither was perfect. Neither was armed. Both were killed because they were Black young men.


August 28, 1955.  August 9th, 2014.


We Have not overcome.


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Racism: Twitter Tracks It & Students Watch It.

By Jueseppi B.

By Jueseppi B.


Twitter Hate Speech Map Pinpoints Racist, Homophobic Hotspots Across U.S.



The most hateful tweeters in the United States tend to live in the eastern half of the country, according to a new map that pinpoints hate speech from Twitter across country.


The map, created by geography students at Humboldt State University in California, looks at more than 150,000 geocoded tweets (tweets that say where the user is located) between June 2012 and April 2013, sorting for those that contained a racist, homophobic or anti-disability word. The researchers then decided whether or not the tweet was using the word in a hateful way.



Explore the map for yourself on the project’s website.


According to our analysis: A majority of hateful tweets are coming from smaller towns and more rural areas. For example, some of the biggest spots for homophobic tweets are along the border of Oklahoma and Texas, and one of the biggest hubs of racist tweets is in a seemingly empty area of western Indiana. There are a lot more racist tweets coming out of an area in the middle of North Dakota than in the larger city of Fargo, for example. Homophobic tweets have a wider spread across the nation than racist ones, which are coming from the southeastern portion of the country more than anywhere else.


The project is a follow-up to a similar study that mapped racial slurs on Twitter in reaction to President Obama’s reelection in 2012. The students used The DOLLY Project (Digital OnLine Life and You), a huge archive of geolocated tweets, to collect data in both cases. This data can be used to track all kinds of tweets. There is also a map of where the word “grits” is most often tweeted (spoiler alert: it’s the south).


The interactive map lets you zoom as far as the county level on the map to pinpoint which counties across the U.S. wrote the most hateful tweets. You can look at all hateful tweets, tweets by category, or just at specific words. The map does not include sexist terms or terms that are offensive to the mentally disabled. Some of the terms shown are sort of outdated, which is most likely why some terms are less frequent than others.


Thank you  | By





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Students Are Watching Ferguson


By Submitted by Monita K. Bell


For Teaching Tolerance




The world is watching Ferguson, Missouri. Tuning into daily reports of unrest. Weighing in on (or avoiding) conversations about the role of race in Michael Brown’s death. Speculating about who’s to blame. Worrying about what will happen next.


But we’re not hearing much about what it’s like to be a kid in Ferguson, a kid who was supposed to start school two weeks ago, but couldn’t because of the volatile atmosphere, broken glass and tear gas canisters that would impede his walk to school. (School buses do not run in the Ferguson-Florissant School District.)


Educators in Ferguson, however, didn’t forget about the children who should have been starting school. Some teachers held classes at public libraries, and a handful of school cafeterias opened so they could provide lunch to low-income students. Many educators also stepped up and used those “days off” to clean up the debris and restore Ferguson to what it was before the rioting—for their students and for the community as a whole.


Students stepped up, too. They joined clean-up efforts and continued to peacefully protest because they understand the historical significance of this moment. As 12-year-old Leslie Adams told NPR, “At first I was absolutely, absolutely scared … [b]ut then, since I was watching the news, I understood that it was history that was going on.”


Teachers around the United States also understand the historical implications of this moment and know it would be a mistake to assume the events in Ferguson haven’t had an impact on their students. That’s why a number of educators, collectives and educational organizations are sharing resources for addressing Michael Brown and Ferguson in the classroom. For those educators who are nervous about facilitating what certainly will be uncomfortable, difficult conversations, NPR offers some guidance, including a syllabus that teachers created and shared in the wake of Jordan Davis’ murder and perspectives from teachers who have already made lesson plans addressing Ferguson.


Here is a small sample of the growing list of resources available to educators who want to help their students understand what happened in Ferguson, contextualize its place in our nation’s history and empower young people to work for a more just, peaceful world:



Unfortunately, Ferguson has also inspired some missteps that are harmful to students, like the incident in Selma, Alabama, where a teacher had her sixth-graders reenact the shooting deaths of Brown and Trayvon Martin. But perhaps the most harmful approach of all is simply ignoring Ferguson altogether, which is what Edwardsville, Illinois, teachers have been directed to do.


At a time like this, educators can’t afford not to discuss Ferguson in the classroom, but it must be done in safe, supportive ways. Our students are watching along with the rest of the world, and they need us to be real with them about what they’re seeing. At the heart of it all is the goal of education: to prepare students to engage in the world and to equip them with the skills they need to make it better for everyone.


Bell is an associate editor for Teaching Tolerance.


Thank you Ms. Monita K. Bell & Teaching Tolerance


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The MilitantNegro Wake-Up Call™ For Tuesday The 26th Of August: Charlotte, North Carolina.


Mr. Militant Negro

Mr. Militant Negro



Raw Video: Meeting Lucy Coffey


Published on Aug 26, 2014

President Obama and Vice President Biden meet with Lucy Coffey. A veteran of the Women’s Army Corps in World War II, Lucy is the nation’s oldest living female veteran.




President Obama Speaks at the American Legion’s 96th National Convention, Charlotte




White House Schedule – August 26th, 2014


Office of the Press Secretary
August 26th, 2014



TUESDAY, AUGUST 26th, 2014


In the morning, the President will travel to Charlotte, North Carolina. The President’s departure from the South Lawn will be open press and the arrival at the North Carolina Air National Guard Base is open to pre-credentialed media.


In the afternoon the President will deliver remarks at the American Legion’s 96th National Convention. This event at the Charlotte Convention Center is open to pre-credentialed media.


Following his remarks, the President will depart Charlotte en route Washington, DC. The departure from the North Carolina Air National Guard Base is open to pre-credentialed media, and the arrival on the South Lawn is open press.


Later in the afternoon, the President and Vice President meet with Secretary of State Kerry in the Oval Office. This meeting is closed press.


In the morning, the Vice President will attend meetings at the White House.


At 12:30 PM, the Vice President will attend an event for the Anthony Brown for Governor campaign at The Powerhouse. This event is closed press.


In the afternoon, the Vice President will attend the President’s meeting with Secretary of State Kerry in the Oval Office.


Later in the afternoon, the Vice President will attend meetings at the White House.




Tuesday, August 26 2014 All Times ET


9:50 AM
The President departs the White House
South Lawn
10:05 AM
The President departs Joint Base Andrews
11:20 AM
The President arrives Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina Air National Guard Base
12:00 PM
The President delivers remarks at the American Legion’s
96th National Convention
Charlotte Convention Center – Hall A, North Carolina
12:30 PM
The Vice President attends an event for the Anthony Brown
for Governor campaign
The Powerhouse
1:10 PM
The President departs Charlotte, North Carolina en r
oute Washington, DC
North Carolina Air National Guard Base
2:20 PM
The President arrives Joint Base Andrews
2:35 PM
The President arrives the White House
South Lawn
4:50 PM
The President and the Vice President meet with
Secretary of State Kerry
Oval Office


August 2014: Photo of the Day


President Barack Obama looks at photos of Press Secretary Josh Earnest's newborn baby boy, Walker, during a meeting with senior advisors in the Oval Office, Aug. 25, 2014. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

President Barack Obama looks at photos of Press Secretary Josh Earnest’s newborn baby boy, Walker, during a meeting with senior advisors in the Oval Office, Aug. 25, 2014. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)


Statements and Releases


FACT SHEET: President Obama Announces New Executive Actions to Fulfill our Promises to Service Members, Veterans, and Their Families


FACT SHEET: Obama Administration Record for Women and Girls


Readout of the Vice President’s Call with Iraqi Council of Representatives Speaker Salim al-Jabouri


Readout of the Vice President’s Call with Iraqi Prime Minister-designate Haider al-Abadi


White House Appoints 2014-2015 Class of White House Fellows




8/25/14: White House Press Briefing


Published on Aug 25, 2014

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Celebrating Women’s Equality Day, 2014


President Obama Listens To Daughter of Secret Service AgentPresident Barack Obama bends down to listen to the daughter of a departing U.S. Secret Service agent in the Oval Office, Oct. 28, 2013. (Official White House Photo by Lawrence Jackson) 

Etched into the history of our Nation are the stories of women who fought for the America they knew was possible — a country where all are truly treated equally and have access to the ballot box, regardless of gender. It took generations of fearless women who organized and advocated to secure women’s right to vote, and on Women’s Equality Day, we honor these courageous heroes, celebrate how far we have come in the decades since, and acknowledge the work still left to be done.


In the 94 years since the 19th Amendment was certified, women have made strides in every facet of American life, and we have learned that our country succeeds when women succeed. More and more the world is looking to our daughters to lead us, to heal us, to employ us, to thrill us on fields of play, and to protect us on fields of battle. Even still, inequality and discrimination persist. Women, on average, continue to earn less than their male counterparts, and for women of color, the disparity is even wider. Outdated workplace policies force too many working parents to choose between fulfilling their family responsibilities, and the careers of their dreams. And far too many women know what it is to suffer from abuse or sexual assault.


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Happy 98th Birthday to the National Park Service



From our spacious skies and fruited plains to our purple mountain majesties, the United States boasts some of the world’s most breathtaking natural lands. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson created the National Park Service to formally protect and preserve these lands so people all over the world could experience America’s historic beauty and heritage for years to come.


Today, the National Park Service manages 401 national parks and memorials, which supported 238,000 jobs and pumped more than $26 billion into local economies last year. In fact, for every $1 we invest in our national parks, our economy sees $10 in return.


Take a glimpse at what the National Park Service has been working to preserve for 98 years, and follow the National Park Service and the U.S. Department of Interior on Twitter to see more of what makes America so beautiful.


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Four Cases Of Police Brutality And Racism You Need To Know


Published on Aug 25, 2014

It’s been more than 20 years since the police beating of Rodney King led to the L.A. riots. More recently, protesters in Ferguson, Missouri, and all around the United States are furious over the police shooting of yet another unarmed black man — Michael Brown. AJ+ takes a look back at some of the most infamous police brutality cases that inform us now.




Audio of Mike Brown shooting contradicts the officers statement.


Published on Aug 26, 2014

This new audi clip contradicts the family friends statement about the shooting, told to her by the family of Officer Wilson. More than 11 shots were taken at Brown.




Darren Wilson Supporter Gets Scolded : Stupid jack*** after telling man “Lean to Speak English”


Published on Aug 26, 2014

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Officer Wilson supporters: Government and media choosing sides in Ferguson
(CNN) – The funeral for 18-year-old Michael Brown Monday drew thousands, including celebrities, civil rights leaders, and a White House delegation.
But for those seeking justice for the officer who killed Brown, the service was seen as another example of how the government and media are unfairly choosing sides in that deadly confrontation.
This weekend, supporters of Officer Darren Wilson gathered outside a south city St. Louis bar, popular with local law enforcement.
“My name is Darren Wilson. We are Darren Wilson,” a woman said to a cheering crowd.




“There Will Be Justice”: Mourners Speak Outside Michael Brown’s Funeral in St. Louis


Published on Aug 26, 2014 – Thousands of people lined up to pay their respects at Michael Brown’s funeral on Monday in St. Louis, Missouri. The killing of the 18-year-old African American by a white police officer in Ferguson has sparked weeks of protest and conversations about race, both around the country and in the local community. Democracy Now!’s Aaron Maté was in St. Louis and spoke with mourners as they filed into the Friendly Temple Missionary Baptist Church. “I know about Martin Luther King, I know about Emmett Till, but I am actually living something that should have stopped years and years ago,” says local resident Anne Hamilton. “We just want, as African Americans, to be treated fairly and to be given the same advantages.” St. Louis resident Elwood Harris responds to the protests, which have at times involved looting. “What else can we do? We took the Martin Luther King approach, protesting and peace, but there is no peace, and there is no justice,” Harris says. “But there will be justice in this case, I really do believe.”




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God Bless America? God DAMN AmeriKKKa!!

The Militant Negro™

The Militant Negro™



Jeremiah Wright controversy

The Jeremiah Wright controversy gained national attention in the United States in March 2008 when ABC News, after reviewing dozens of U.S. Presidential candidate Barack Obama‘s pastor Jeremiah Wright‘s sermons, excerpted parts which were subject to intense media scrutiny. Wright is a retired senior pastor of Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago and former pastor of President Obama. Obama denounced the statements in question, but critics continued to press the issue of his relationship with Wright. In response to this, he gave a speech titled “A More Perfect Union“, in which he sought to place Dr. Wright’s comments in a historical and sociological context. In the speech, Obama again denounced Wright’s remarks, but did not disown him as a person. The controversy began to fade, but was renewed in late April when Wright made a series of media appearances, including an interview on Bill Moyers Journal, a speech at the NAACP, and a speech at the National Press Club. After the last of these, Obama spoke more forcefully against his former pastor, saying that he was “outraged” and “saddened” by his behavior, and in May he resigned his membership in the church.


Barack Obama first met Wright in the late 1980s, while he was working as a community organizer in Chicago before attending Harvard Law School. Wright officiated at the wedding ceremony of Barack and Michelle Obama, as well as their children’s baptisms.

The title of Obama’s 2006 memoir, The Audacity of Hope, was inspired by one of Wright’s sermons. This sermon also was the source for themes of Obama’s 2004 keynote address to the Democratic National Convention. Wright was scheduled to give the public invocation before Obama’s presidential announcement, but Obama withdrew the invitation the night before the event. Wright wrote a rebuttal letter to the editor disputing the characterization of the account as reported in an article in The New York Times.

In 2007, Wright was appointed to Barack Obama’s African American Religious Leadership Committee, a group of over 170 national black religious leaders who supported Obama’s bid for the Democratic nomination. However, it was announced in March 2008 that Wright was no longer serving as a member of this group.

On May 31, 2008, Barack and Michelle Obama announced that they had withdrawn their membership in Trinity United Church of Christ, stating that “Our relations with Trinity have been strained by the divisive statements of Reverend Wright, which sharply conflict with our own views”.

Controversial sermon excerpts

Most of the controversial excerpts that gained national attention in March 2008 were taken from two sermons: one titled “The Day of Jerusalem’s Fall”, delivered on September 16, 2001, and another titled “Confusing God and Government”, delivered on April 13, 2003.

“The Day of Jerusalem’s Fall”

In a sermon delivered shortly after the September 11 attacks in 2001, Wright made comments about an interview of former U.S. Ambassador Edward Peck he saw on Fox News. Wright said:

I heard Ambassador Peck on an interview yesterday. Did anybody else see him or hear him? He was on Fox News. This is a white man, and he was upsetting the Fox News commentators to no end. He pointed out — did you see him, John? — a white man, he pointed out, ambassador, that what Malcolm X said when he got silenced by Elijah Muhammad was in fact true — America’s chickens are coming home to roost.

Wright spoke of the United States taking land from the Indian tribes by what he labeled as terror, bombing Grenada, Panama, Libya, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki, and argued that the United States supported state terrorism against the Palestinians and South Africa. He said that his parishioners’ response should be to examine their relationship with God, not go “from the hatred of armed enemies to the hatred of unarmed innocents.” His comment (quoting Malcolm X) that “America’s chickens are coming home to roost” was widely interpreted as meaning that America had brought the September 11, 2001 attacks upon itself. ABC News broadcast clips from the sermon in which Wright said:

We bombed Hiroshima, we bombed Nagasaki, and we nuked far more than the thousands in New York and the Pentagon, and we never batted an eye… and now we are indignant, because the stuff we have done overseas is now brought back into our own front yards. America’s chickens are coming home to roost.

Later, Wright continued :

Violence begets violence. Hatred begets hatred. And terrorism begets terrorism. A white ambassador said that, y’all. Not a black militant. Not a reverend who preaches about racism. An ambassador whose eyes are wide open and who is trying to get us to wake up and move away from this dangerous precipice upon which we are now poised. The ambassador said the people that we have wounded don’t have the military capability we have. But they do have individuals who are willing to die and take thousands with them. And we need to come to grips with that.

“Confusing God and Government”

Clips from a sermon that Wright gave, entitled “Confusing God and Government”, were also shown on ABC‘s Good Morning America and on Fox News. In the sermon, Wright first makes the distinction between God and governments, and points out that many governments in the past have failed: “Where governments lie, God does not lie. Where governments change, God does not change.” Wright then states:

[The United States] government lied about their belief that all men were created equal. The truth is they believed that all white men were created equal. The truth is they did not even believe that white women were created equal, in creation nor civilization. The government had to pass an amendment to the Constitution to get white women the vote. Then the government had to pass an equal rights amendment to get equal protection under the law for women. The government still thinks a woman has no rights over her own body, and between Uncle Clarence who sexually harassed Anita Hill, and a closeted Klan court, that is a throwback to the 19th century, handpicked by Daddy Bush, Ronald Reagan, Gerald Ford, between Clarence and that stacked court, they are about to undo Roe vs. Wade, just like they are about to un-do affirmative action. The government lied in its founding documents and the government is still lying today. Governments lie.

He continued:

The government lied about Pearl Harbor too. They knew the Japanese were going to attack. Governments lie. The government lied about the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. They wanted that resolution to get us in the Vietnam War. Governments lie. The government lied about Nelson Mandela and our CIA helped put him in prison and keep him there for 27 years. The South African government lied on Nelson Mandela. Governments lie.

Wright then stated:

The government lied about the Tuskegee experiment. They purposely infected African American men with syphilis. Governments lie. The government lied about bombing Cambodia and Richard Nixon stood in front of the camera, “Let me make myself perfectly clear…” Governments lie. The government lied about the drugs for arms Contra scheme orchestrated by Oliver North, and then the government pardoned all the perpetrators so they could get better jobs in the government. Governments lie…. The government lied about inventing the HIV virus as a means of genocide against people of color. Governments lie. The government lied about a connection between Al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein and a connection between 9.11.01 and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Governments lie.

He spoke about the government’s rationale for the Iraq War:

The government lied about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq being a threat to the United States peace. And guess what else? If they don’t find them some weapons of mass destruction, they gonna do just like the LAPD, and plant the some weapons of mass destruction. Governments lie.

Wright then commented on God and government:

And the United States of America government, when it came to treating her citizens of Indian descent fairly, she failed. She put them on reservations. When it came to treating her citizens of Japanese descent fairly, she failed. She put them in internment prison camps. When it came to treating her citizens of African descent fairly, America failed. She put them in chains, the government put them on slave quarters, put them on auction blocks, put them in cotton field, put them in inferior schools, put them in substandard housing, put them in scientific experiments, put them in the lowest paying jobs, put them outside the equal protection of the law, kept them out of their racist bastions of higher education and locked them into positions of hopelessness and helplessness. The government gives them the drugs, builds bigger prisons, passes a three-strike law and then wants us to sing “God Bless America”. No, no, no, not God Bless America. God damn America — that’s in the Bible — for killing innocent people. God damn America, for treating our citizens as less than human. God damn America, as long as she tries to act like she is God, and she is supreme. The United States government has failed the vast majority of her citizens of African descent.

These sermon excerpts were widely viewed in early 2008 on network television and the internet.

Jeremiah Wright: “God Damn America”

Published on Nov 27, 2012

A longer reel of the famous “God Damn America” sermon from President Obama’s former pastor, Jeremiah Wright, of Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago.

God Damn America

Dick Gregory Refutes Jeremiah Wright Controversy 1 of 9

Uploaded on Apr 3, 2008

Speaking before a standing room only congregation at Rev. Walter E. fauntroy’s New Bethel Baptist Church in the historic Shaw District of Washington, DC, activist Dick Gregory presents an impassioned challenge to the conventional wisdom surrounding the controversy of the comments made by Barack Obama’s spiritual leader, Rev. Jeremiah Wright.

Dick Gregory Refutes Rev. Jeremiah Wright Controversy 2 of 9

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Dick Gregory Refutes Rev. Jeremiah Wright Controversy 6 of 9

Dick Gregory Refutes Rev. Jeremiah Wright Controversy 7 of 9

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Dick Gregory Refutes Rev. Jeremiah Wright Controversy 9 of 9


I’ve often listened as Americans tell me how this nation was once the greatest nation on earth, and how America will one day return to that greatness. America was never great. America will never be great.

No nation is great that builds it’s foundation on the backs of slaves stolen from their native Africa and forced into servitude for the benefit of caucasian masters.

No nation is great that massacres and enslaves a nation of several hundred tribes of Native Americans with the express purpose of stealing Native American lands….for themselves.

No nation is great that imports a nation of Asian American to build their railroad system, then treats those Asians as slaves and 4th class citizens.

No nation is great that denigrates it’s women and denies them basic human rights afforded that nations male population.

The United States Of AmeriKKKa is not great and never was great.

Unless you are a caucasian male. God Bless America? God DAMN AmeriKKKa.

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Remarks of Attorney Benjamin L. Crump At The Funeral Of Michael Brown, Jr.

The Militant Negro™

The Militant Negro™

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Remarks of Attorney Benjamin L. Crump at the Funeral of Michael Brown, Jr.


Michael Brown’s funeral service | August 25, 2014 Full Homegoing

Published on Aug 25, 2014

Watch Michael Brown’s full funeral service, held Monday at Friendly Temple Missionary Baptist Church in St. Louis

Over One Hundred and Sixty years ago, about ten miles away from where we gather in this great Church to pay our Final Respects to young Michael Brown, The Missouri Supreme Court decided, in “what is still affectingly referred to as “the Old Courthouse,” the Dred Scott Decision.

And the substance of that decision was adopted by the US Supreme Court some five years later, holding that “Persons of African descent cannot be, nor were ever intended to be, citizens under the U.S. Constitution.”

Now one could logically conclude that this manner of thinking followed the precedence of the 1787 Three Fifths Compromise, which said African Americans were to be considered only three-fifths of a man.

But as we pay our final respects to Michael Brown, Jr., we declare today that he was not 3/5’s of a Citizen, he was an American Citizen, because we hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal. And because of these truths, we will not accept 3/5’s justice for Michael Brown, Jr, we demand Equal Justice for Michael Brown, Jr.

The parents of Michael Brown are grateful for the outpouring of support and the national attention the unjust killing of their son has garnered. They promise to use this energy to effect real change; not only in Ferguson but in every city in the United States. As they wait for the killer of their son brought to justice, they will not wait ON PROMISES OF CHANGE, but they will work with you the people to make change.

That’s why the parents of Mike Brown are calling on YOU, the people who have been with them from day one, crying, praying, and marching: to help them stop another Mike Brown,

stop another Amadoud Diollo from happening in NY,
stop another Martin Lee Anderson from happening in Florida,
stop another Sean Bell from happening in New York,
stop another Oscar Grant from happening in California,
stop another Jonathan Farrell from happening in NC,
stop another Chavis Carter from happening in Arkansas,
stop another Kendrick Johnson from happening in Georgia,
stop another Robbie Tolan from happening in Texas,
stop another Leon Ford Jr. in Pennsylvania
stop another Howard Morgan from happening in Illinois,
stop another Alesia Thomas from happening in California,
stop another Jordan Davis for Jacksonville
stop another Trayvon Martin in Sanford
stop another Emmitt Till, Money, Mississippi
and all the other young nameless men of color who have been victims of senseless gun violence and police brutality.

Join them in DEMANDING THE MANDATORY WEARING OF BODY CAMERAS AND THE MANDATORY USE OF DASH CAMERAS in every U.S. police department so we don’t have to guess what happened or rely on eyewitnesses. We can have the transparency the people in Ferguson so desperately want. What American Citizens of Color so desperately want! What all American Citizens who say they care about Justice and Due Process of the Law, should desperately want. And this would be how we pay our Final

Respects to young Michael Brown, Jr.!

Finally, I want to thank the young people for the Michael Brown Campaign, making it clear what this is about. If I have my hands up, don’t shoot me!

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