Because there are many many dumbass caucasian Europeans worldwide who have not a clue what exactly this nationwide mass protest/strike is actually all about…..even though those idiots believe prison life to be akin to living in a “country club”….this is a method for those morons to become educated why today’s strike/protest is indeed necessary.
To the asswipe racists caucasian European blogger, who shall remain nameless just as he has no life, is the inspiration for this education. Thank you.
From The FREE ALABAMA MOVEMENT:
PRESS STATEMENT: Sept 9 NATIONWIDE PROTEST, WORKSTRIKE, BOYCOTT, AND DEMONSTRATIONS
National Freedom Movement Against Mass Incarceration and Prison Slavery
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
For Media Requests:
Mothers and F.A.M.ilies, Inc
P.O. BOX 186,
New Market, AL 35761
Exec. Board Members Ms. Antonia Brooks, Ms. Dara Folden, Ms. LaTosha Scott
For Movement updates and all other inquiries:
Pas. Kenneth S. Glasgow
The Ordinary People’s Society
September 9, 1971 ATTICA Rebellion 45th Anniversary
After launching its Movement in 2014 with the first coordinated work stoppages and shutdowns in Alabama prison history, FREE ALABAMA MOVEMENT, building on its success with subsequent strikes, issued a call in 2015 with its document titled F.A.M.’s 6-Step Plan of Action 2015(see our WordPress blog) for the first coordinated Nationwide Prison Work Strike in US History. This plan, along with its publication, “Let The Crops Rot In The Field” were then circulated throughout F.A.M.’s nascent network of supporters for its National Freedom Movement Against Mass Incarceration and Prison Slavery.
With assistance from other organizations and people, including Bro. Lorenzo “Kim’Boa” and Sis. JoNina Irvin of the Ida B. Wells Coalition against Police Brutality, Brianna Peril and David Boehnke ofIWW/IWOC, Annabelle Parker, Mary Ratcliff of San Francisco Bay View, FREE MISSISSIPPI MOVEMENT and FREE MISSISSIPPI MOVEMENT UNITED, Queen T of SignofTheTimes/ FREE OHIO MOVEMENT, Anthony Robinson/The New Underground Railroad, Mississippi Southern Belles, Anarchist Black Cross and many others, F.A.M. began organizing, leading and directing this National call.
Today, September 9, 2016, at appx 12:01 am, FREE ALABAMA MOVEMENT has kicked off the Sept. 9, Nationwide Prison Workstrikes, Boycotts and International Protests from Holman prison in Atmore, Alabama, in solidarity with confirmed strikes underway in Florida, South Carolina, and Texas.
F.A.M. has reiterated its call, first made January 1, 2014 with its first coordinated Workstrikes, for Non-Violence and Peaceful demonstrations both inside and outside of prisons as the solution to the exploitation and other forms of abuse that take place in Americas prisons, including forced prison slavery.
F.A.M. has often stated that the solution to mass incarceration and prison slavery must be lead by the men, women and children who are incarcerated and who are contributing to prison slavery and our own oppression by continuing to produce goods and provide services and purchase products that generate billions of dollars in revenue each year to support prison slavery. The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution continues to permit slavery to exist in this country “as Punishment of crime, whereof the person has been duly convicted,” and the institution and enterprise of slavery was legally transferred to the State government’s prison systems.
These Non-Violent and Peaceful protests are designed to expose the nefarious economic motives of individuals, State and Federal government, and corporations like McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Starbucks, John Deer, the ALEC corporation, Victoria Secret, US military, Whole Foods, Wal Mart, Keefe, AT&T and Verizon call centers, and many others behind laws like mandatory minimums, three strikes laws, juvenile prosecution as adults, etc. that are used to incarcerate people under oppressive, inhumane conditions for extended periods of time, solely for the use of free prison labor for profit — yet in the name of crime and punishment.
F.A.M. has issued a “FREEDOM BILL“, which contains the demands that they are imposing upon the Alabama legislature to correct the problem of mass incarceration and prison slavery in Alabama.
FREE ALABAMA MOVEMENT
To assist FAM and their National Freedom Movement and to support the people on the inside who are making these sacrifices, please donate to famfamalabama@Gmail.com today.
Thank you FREE ALABAMA MOVEMENT
Attica Prison riot
The Attica Prison riot occurred at the Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York, United States in 1971. The riot was one of the most well-known and significant uprisings of the Prisoners’ Rights Movement. The riot was based upon prisoners’ demands for political rights and better living conditions. On September 9, 1971, two weeks after the killing of George Jackson at San Quentin State Prison, about 1,000 of the Attica prison’s approximately 2,200 inmates rioted and seized control of the prison, taking 42 staff hostage.
During the following four days of negotiations, authorities agreed to 28 of the prisoners’ demands, but would not agree to demands for complete amnesty from criminal prosecution for the prison takeover or for the removal of Attica’s superintendent. By the order of Governor Nelson Rockefeller, state police took back control of the prison. When the uprising was over, at least 43 people were dead, including ten correctional officers and civilian employees, and 33 inmates.
Rockefeller, who refused to visit the prisoners during the rebellion, stated that the prisoners “carried out the cold-blood killings they had threatened from the outset”. On the other hand, New York Times writer Fred Ferretti said the rebellion concluded in “mass deaths that four days of taut negotiations had sought to avert”.
Attica Prison Riot: 45 Years After Legendary Attica Prison Uprising, New Book Reveals State Role in Deadly Standoff
Today prisoners in at least 24 states are set to participate in a nationally coordinated strike that comes on the 45th anniversary of the prison uprising at Attica. Much like the prisoners who took over New York’s infamous correctional facility in 1971, they are protesting long-term isolation, inadequate healthcare, overcrowding, violent attacks and slave labor.
We speak with the author of an explosive new book about the four-day standoff, when unarmed prisoners held 39 prison guards hostage, that ended when armed state troopers raided the prison and shot indiscriminately more than 2,000 rounds of ammunition. In the end, 39 men would die, including 29 prisoners and 10 guards. We are also joined by David Rothenberg, who was a member of the Attica observers’ committee that was brought into Attica to negotiate on behalf of prisoners. He is founder of The Fortune Society.
|Attica Prison riot|
Attica Prison entrance
|Attica inmates|| New York State Police
New York National GuardCorrectional Facility staff
|Approximately 2200 inmates|
|Casualties and losses|
|43 deaths in total|
At approximately 8:20 a.m. on Thursday, September 9, 1971, 5 Company lined up for roll-call. Hearing rumors that one of their companions was to remain in his cell after being isolated for an incident involving an assault on a prison officer, a small group of 5 Company inmates protested that they too would be locked up and began walking back towards their cells. The remainder of 5 Company continued towards breakfast. As the protesting group walked past the isolated inmate, they freed him from his cell. They then rejoined the rest of 5 Company and proceeded on their way to breakfast. A short time later, when the command staff discovered what had occurred, they changed the usual scheduling of the prisoners. Instead of going to the yard after breakfast as they usually did, the prisoners realized they were being led back to their cells. Complaints led to anger when the correctional officer tried to calm the mob of prisoners. He was assaulted and the riot began.
The inmates quickly gained control of sections, D-yard, two tunnels, and the central control room, referred to as “Times Square”. Inmates took hostage 42 officers and civilians, and produced a list of grievances demanding their conditions be met before their surrender.
Throughout the negotiations, there was leadership and organization among the prisoners. Frank “Big Black” Smith was appointed as head of security, and he also kept the hostages and the observers safe. Additionally, an ardent orator, 21-year-old Elliott James “L.D.” Barkley, was a strong force during the negotiations, speaking with great articulation to the inmates, the camera crews, and outsiders at home. Barkley, just days away from his scheduled release at the time of the riot, was killed during the recapturing of the prison. Assemblyman Arthur Eve testified that Barkley was alive after the prisoners had surrendered and the state regained control; another inmate stated that the officers searched him out, yelling for Barkley, and shot him in the back.
We are men! We are not beasts and we do not intend to be beaten or driven as such. The entire prison populace, that means each and every one of us here, have set forth to change forever the ruthless brutalization and disregard for the lives of the prisoners here and throughout the United States. What has happened here is but the sound before the fury of those who are oppressed. We will not compromise on any terms except those terms that are agreeable to us. We’ve called upon all the conscientious citizens of America to assist us in putting an end to this situation that threatens the lives of not only us, but of each and every one of you, as well.
As speakers like Barkley raised morale, the rebels’ negotiating team of prisoners proposed their requests to the commissioner. The Attica Liberation Faction Manifesto Of Demands is a compilation of complaints written by the Attica prisoners, which speak directly to the “sincere people of society”. It includes 27 demands, such as better medical treatment, fair visitation rights, and an end to physical brutality. The prisoners also requested better sanitation, improved food quality, and one set of rules for the state among numerous other demands. The manifesto specifically assigns the power to negotiate to five inmates: Donald Noble, Peter Butler, Frank Lott, Carl Jones-El, and Herbert Blyden X. Additionally, the document specifically lists out “vile and vicious slave masters” who oppressed the prisoners such as the New York governor, New York Corrections, and even the United States Courts.
The prisoners continued to unsuccessfully negotiate with Correctional Services Commissioner Russell G. Oswald, and then later with a team of observers that included Tom Wicker, an editor of the New York Times, James Ingram of the Michigan Chronicle, state senator John Dunne, state representative Arthur Eve, civil rights lawyer William Kunstler, and others. Prisoners requested the presence of Minister Louis Farrakhan, National Representative of the Nation of Islam, but he declined.
The situation may have been further complicated by Governor Rockefeller’s refusal to come to the scene of the riot and meet with the inmates, although some later evaluations of the incident would postulate that his absence from the scene actually prevented the situation from deteriorating. Negotiations broke down, and Oswald told the inmates that he was unable to negotiate with them anymore and ordered them to give themselves up. Oswald later called Governor Rockefeller and again begged him to come to the prison to calm the riot. After the governor’s refusal, Oswald stated that he would order the State Police to retake the facility by force. Rockefeller agreed with Oswald’s decision. This agreement was later criticized by a commission created by Rockefeller to study the riot and its aftermath.
As the demands were not met, negotiations broke down, and the mood among the inmates deteriorated. It appeared as though Gov. Rockefeller remained opposed to the inmates’ demands, and they became restless. Defensive trenches had been dug, metal gates had been electrified, crude battlements were fashioned out of metal tables and dirt, gasoline was put in position to be lit in the event of conflict, and the “Times Square” prison command center was fortified. The inmates brought four corrections officers to the top of the command center and threatened to slit their throats. Reporters in helicopters circling the prison reported that the hostages in D yard were also being prepared for killing. Gov. Rockefeller had ordered that the prison be retaken that day if negotiations failed. Situation commander Oswald, seeing the danger to the hostages, ordered that the prison be retaken by force. Of the decision, he later said “On a much smaller scale, I think I have some feeling now of how Truman must have felt when he decided to drop the A-bomb.”
At 9:46 a.m. on Monday, September 13, 1971, tear gas was dropped into the yard and New York State Police troopers opened fire non-stop for two minutes into the smoke. Among the weapons used by the troopers were shotguns, which led to the wounding and killing of hostages and inmates who were not resisting. Former prison officers were allowed to participate, a decision later called “inexcusable” by the commission established by Rockefeller to study the riot and the aftermath. By the time the facility was retaken, nine hostages and 29 inmates had been killed. A tenth hostage died on October 9, 1972, of gunshot wounds received during the assault.
The final death toll from the riot also includes the officer fatally injured at the start of the riot and four inmates who were subjected to vigilante killings. Nine hostages died from gunfire by state troopers and soldiers. The New York State Special Commission on Attica wrote, “With the exception of Indian massacres in the late 19th century, the State Police assault which ended the four-day prison uprising was the bloodiest one-day encounter between Americans since the Civil War.”
Media reports claimed that inmate hostage-takers slit the throats of many of their hostages, reports that contradicted official medical evidence. Newspaper headlines made statements such as “I Saw Slit Throats”, implying that prisoners had cut the hostages’ throats when the armed raid occurred. These reports set the stage for reprisals by troopers and prison officers. Inmates were made to strip and crawl through the mud and then some were made to run naked between lines of enraged officers, who beat the inmates. Several days after the riot’s end, prison doctors reported evidence of more beatings. The Special Commission found that state officials failed to quickly refute those rumors and false reports.
Retaliation by Weatherman
At 7:30 p.m. on September 17, Weatherman launched a retaliatory attack on the New York Department of Corrections, exploding a bomb near Oswald’s office. “The communique accompanying the attack called the prison system an example of ‘how a society run by white racists maintains its control,’ with white supremacy being the ‘main question white people have to face'” and said that the Attica riots are blamed on Gov. Nelson Rockefeller.
Lawsuits and payments
Within four years of the riot, 62 inmates had been charged in 42 indictments with 1,289 separate counts. One state trooper was indicted for reckless endangerment.
Inmates and families of inmates killed in the prison retaking sued the State of New York for civil rights violations by law enforcement officers during and after the retaking of Attica. After years in the courts, in 2000, the State of New York agreed to pay $8 million ($12 million minus legal fees) to settle the case. The State of New York also recognized the families of the slain prison employees in 2005 with a $12 million financial settlement.
The Forgotten Victims of Attica have also asked the State of New York to release state records of the uprising to the public. In 2013, Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said he would seek the release of the entire 570-page Meyer Report, the state’s review of the uprising. The report was prepared by former State Supreme Court justice Bernard S. Meyer and submitted in 1975. One volume was made public, but a State Supreme Court justice ordered in 1981 that the other two be sealed permanently. In May 2015, 46 pages of the report were released. The released pages contain accounts from witnesses and inmates describing torture, burning, and sexual abuse of inmates by prison authorities.
At the time of the riots, black empowerment was increasing and many black prisoners had transferred to Attica, increasing population from its designed 1200 prisoners to 2243. 54% of these were Black American, 9% Puerto Rican, and 37% white; however, all of the 383 correctional officers were white. Some corrections officers were openly racist and assaulted the prisoners with their batons, which they dubbed “nigger sticks.” Additionally, George Jackson, a member of the Black Panther Party, had died at the hands of white prison officers under disputed circumstances two weeks before the riot in the San Quentin State Prison in California.
In popular culture
The first historical account of the Attica Prison Riot (“A Time To Die”,1975) was written by Tom Wicker, a N.Y.Times Editor, who was present at the prison as an Observer. A more detailed historical account riot was published by historian Heather Ann Thompson in 2016. The book, entitled Blood in the Water: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and Its Legacy, draws on interviews with former inmates, hostages, families of victims, law enforcement, lawyers, and state officials, as well as significant archives of previously unreleased materials. Malcolm Bell’s The Turkey Shoot: Tracking the Attica Cover-up historical account has already been written and Bell was involved with the original New York (State) Special Commission on Attica.
Direct coverage of the Attica Prison riot:
- ScreenSlate describes Cindy Firestone‘s documentary, titled Attica (1974), as follows:
Firestone’s 1974 film, restored in 2007, culls together primary footage from surveillance and news cameras along with prisoner, family, and guard interviews to create an account of the massacre that has been described as temperate, but undeniably damning with respect to the state’s actions. As The New Yorker’s 1974 review describes it, “Cinda Firestone’s quiet picture uses horrifying film footage: shots taken through state troopers’ telescopic rifle lenses; musings by inmates which sometimes sputter into anger against a world that finds descriptions of Attica incredible; riot quellers insensibly proud of their skill with weapons, showing off their prowess before the commission of inquiry. … If Attica disturbed our slumber for a mere month or two, one of the qualities of this trumpet call of a film is that it makes the disturbance enduring.”
- At least three fictionalized TV movies of the riot have been produced: Attica (1980), with George Grizzard and Morgan Freeman, John Frankenheimer‘s Against The Wall (1994), with Samuel L. Jackson, Kyle MacLachlan, and Clarence Williams III; and The Killing Yard (2001), directed by Euzhan Palcy, with Alan Alda and Morris Chestnut.
- As part of a 40th anniversary commemoration, filmmakers Chris Christopher and David Marshall, in association with Blue Sky Project, produced a 60-minute, Emmy-nominated documentary called “Criminal Injustice: Death and Politics at Attica,” first aired on PBS in 2012, which brings together a range of previously unavailable interviewees who deconstruct and expose many myths and misconceptions about the Attica Prison riot, its causes, and its coverup.
Criminal Injustice: Death and Politics at Attica brings this historical event to life in completely new and startling ways. Based on scores of interviews of eyewitnesses who just now are telling their stories, as well as filmmaker access to newly discovered documents, Criminal Injustice brings genuinely new evidence to light regarding what exactly happened at Attica between September 9–13, 1971 and the role played there by local, state, and even federal officials. Indeed this film raises important new questions about the deaths caused at Attica, about the involvement by individuals in the White House at Attica, and the influence of Nelson Rockefeller’s political aspirations on decision made before, during, and long after the controversial and deadly retaking of that prison.
Forty years after this cataclysmic and highly charged event, filmmakers Marshall and Christopher found that many are willing to speak with new candor that adds depth, and in some cases alters, the historic record. The film includes the final interview regarding Attica given by NYT reporter Tom Wicker (who was an observer/negotiator on the scene and author of A Time to Die about his experiences at Attica), Malcolm Bell, the special prosecutor turned whistle blower, Dr. Heather Thompson who is the nation’s leading academic authority on the Attica prison uprising — as well as inmates, former hostages, law enforcement officers and others.
Several other films reference the uprising:
- In the film Dog Day Afternoon, (1975), Al Pacino‘s character, Sonny, who is holding eight bank employees hostage, starts the chant, “Attica! Attica!”, at the massed police outside, evoking the excessive police force used in response to the Attica riot. The chant “Attica! Attica!” has since been parodied or used for comedic effect in everything from children’s cartoons to crime procedural. In the film Naked Gun 33 1/3: The Final Insult, (1994), Leslie Nielsen‘s character, Frank Drebin, shouts “Attica! Attica!” when he goes undercover in prison.
- In the film Saturday Night Fever (1977), John Travolta‘s character, Tony Manero, wakes up after a night out at the disco and, while looking at himself in the mirror and seeing a poster of Al Pacino in Serpico (1973), debates whether he resembles Al Pacino. Becoming enamored of the idea, he yells “Al Pacino!” and then opens his bedroom door, walks into the hallway, and chants “Attica! Attica!”, wearing only his underwear while his grandmother covers her eyes with her apron. This scene’s reference to Pacino and his two characters (Serpico and Sonny) invites the audience to contrast them to Travolta and his character Tony, setting them up both as ideal models and as foils for Tony.
- In the film Half Nelson (2006), One of Dunne’s students tells the history of Attica with a brief monologue a half hour into the movie.
The incident is directly referenced in several songs:
- The song “Attica” by English band Spear of Destiny.
- The song “Rubber Bullets” by English band 10cc.
- John Lennon‘s “Attica State” on his Some Time In New York City album.
- Tom Paxton‘s “The Hostage”, which was included by Judy Collins on her 1973 album True Stories and Other Dreams (1973).
- In the Gil Scott-Heron song, “We Beg Your Pardon”, Scott-Heron is critical of Governor Rockefeller’s handling of the riot, stating that “brother Richard X of Buffalo New York faces 1365 years… behind bars for participating in Attica, and Rockefeller faces being the Vice President of this country”.
- Paul Simon‘s “Virgil”, on his album Songs from The Capeman (1997).
- The Attica riot also inspired the Charles Mingus composition “Remember Rockefeller at Attica“, and jazz saxophonist Archie Shepp‘s composition “Attica Blues” (1972) from his album of the same name.
- Rapper Nas mentioned Attica in his collaboration song with Lauryn Hill, “If I Ruled the World (Imagine That)“. Nas raps “I’d open every cell in Attica, send ’em to Africa”.
- In the song “C.I.A. (Criminals in Action)”, by KRS-One, Zack De La Rocha, and The Last Emperor: “I flip the shit like Pacino and it’s your Dog Day Afternoon / Attica, Attica, drug agents you bring your static-a.”
- Black Moon‘s “Powaful Impak!” on the album Enta da Stage the riot is mentioned in the lyric “I’m bustin’ niggas open, Attica style”.
- Frederic Rzewski wrote “Coming together/Attica based on Sam Melville‘s letters from Attica.
- The Descendants of Mike and Phoebe, a jazz group featuring bassist Bill Lee, included a song entitled “Attica” on their 1974 Strata East release A Spirit Speaks.
- Boxer Muhammad Ali recited a poem during an interview on RTÉ on a visit to Ireland in July 1972, imagining what Attica’s prisoners would have said before their death.
- In 1972, avant-garde composer and pianist Frederic Rzewski wrote two pieces connected to the Attica riot, both for percussion ensemble and speaker. “Coming Together” sets text by Sam Melville, a leader of the uprising and one of the people who lost their lives as a result of it, from a letter he wrote in 1971. The second and shorter piece, “Attica”, is set to the statement made by inmate Richard X. Clark when he was released from the prison: “Attica is in front of me now.” The two pieces was recorded in 1973 for the Opus One label by the Blackearth Percussion Group, with Steven ben Israel of the Living Theater as the speaker.
- The poem “Hadda Be Playing on the Jukebox” by American poet Allen Ginsberg makes a reference to the Attica prison riot. This poem was also subsequently performed as a song by political rock band Rage Against The Machine.
- The Attica Prison riot served as a source of inspiration for the Bell Riots from the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode “Past Tense“.
- In the episode “A Date with the Booty Warrior” of the popular animated series The Boondocks, the episode’s titular character takes Tom hostage with a shank, inciting a prison riot. After the convicts had taken the guards hostage, they were deciding what to do next. The other convicts were disgruntled to learn that the Booty Warrior’s only demands were “to get some booty”. One of the other convicts (voiced by Clifton Powell) remarked “I thought this was supposed to be some Attica-type shit!”.
- In the 25th episode of the 2003 TV series, TMNT, titled “The Search for Splinter: Part 1”, Casey Jones says the phrase “Attica, Attica” while distracting the guards of TCRI; meanwhile April disables the building’s alarms.
- In the season 1 finale of the HBO series Oz, Attica is referenced by unit manager Tim McManus as his hometown and the riot as his original impetus for his wanting to set up Emerald City.
- In the episode “Charlie Goes America All Over Everybody’s Ass” of the FX series It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia, in a form of protesting the bar’s “No rules” stance, Charlie scares bystanders away from Dee’s street performance by swinging a broom and screaming, “Attica! Attica, man!” repeatedly.
- In the episode “Missing Identity” of SpongeBob SquarePants, SpongeBob imagines someone robbing a bank wearing his name tag, and when the camera zooms in on the name tag, the robber begins screaming “Attica!”. This may be more of a reference to the movie Dog Day Afternoon, but it is an Attica reference nonetheless.
- During the January 26, 1998 episode of WCW Monday Nitro, pro wrestler Kevin Nash is “arrested” after using his banned jackknife maneuver. As he is being handcuffed and being led away by security, he yells “Attica!”
- In season 7, episode 18 of Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, Sabrina encases her talking cat, Salem, in a metal box. Salem yells “Cattica, Cattica!” in reference to the riot.
- In season 3, episode 4 (entitled “Lines in the Sand”) of the TV show House, House protests Cuddy’s refusal to return a recently removed hemo-stained carpet to his office with cries of “Attica.”
- In season 3, episode 7 of The King of Queens, Arthur chants “Attica! Attica!” at a passing police officer on the street.
- In season 4, Episode 3 of The League, while out paintballing with Taco and Pete, Rafi yells “Gattaca, Gattaca!”, mistakenly referencing the sci-fi movie Gattaca.
- In season 4, Episode 13 of Orange is the New Black, the prisoners riot and chant “Attica! Attica!”.
Duckman: Private Dick/Family Man :: Aged Heat 2: Women in Heat (1997) They chant “sciatica” in the prison as a reference to the chant “Attica”